Archive for the ‘My Acadians’ Category

My Acadian DNA

My Aunt’s DNA finally finished processing on Ancestry and all of a sudden I am in 28 DNA circles! I know it’s beta (and only good as Ancestry trees are accurate), but cool (previously I had only one circle!). It will be interesting to see if we get any more once her brother and their first cousin’s tests are done processing!!

The trees begin with my mother’s maternal grandparents, and a red star indicates we have a DNA circle (each circle includes between 5 and 40 folks who match DNA with my Aunt and I, who also have those people in their tree).

My Aunt (as of today) has 1748 Shared Ancestor Hints & 5,847 4th cousins or closer.  Crazy!!  It will take years to go through all of them!!  Just for comparison, my non-Acadian Uncle has only 52 Shared Ancestor Hints & 236 4th cousins or closer.

Acadian tree um.png

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My Acadian 30 – week #15, Nathalie Sarah Boudreau

CLICK ON ANY IMAGE TO SEE A LARGER VERSION!

In 2007, I joined Ancestry.com.  It never occurred to me that online, unsourced trees were inaccurate.  I essentially “copied” my entire Acadian family from potentially erroneous public trees and never looked back.  Although my newer entries are sourced, a visit to Stephen A. White, at Moncton University’s Centre d’Études Acadiennes [Center for Acadian Studies] in 2014,  revealed a number of errors. I am determined to start from scratch, and verify that I have all available records beginning with the 30 direct ancestors, connected to my maternal grandmother. This includes her parents, grandparents, g-grandparents and g-g-grandparents.

yvonne roy

To keep the project manageable, I will write of one ancestor in each post.

Prior Weeks (click on a name to read the sketch)

Generation 1

Week #1 – Yvonne Marie (Roy) Billings

Generation 2

Week #2 – Pius/Paul Dost Roy

Week #3 –  Marie Laura “Laura” Melanson

Generation 3

Week #4 –  Docité OR Dosithée Roy

Week #5 – Victoire LeBlanc

Week #6 – Magloire Melanson

Week #7 – Ausithe/Osite Dupuis

Generation 4

Week #8 – Joseph Roy/Roi (King)

Week #9 – (Judith) Angélique Belliveau

Week #10 – Georges LeBlanc

Week #11 – Madeleine LeBlanc

Week #12 – Laurent Melanson

Week #13 – Pélagie Leger

Week # 14 – Jean-Bénoni DuPuis

15. Nathalie Sarah Boudreau, likely the daughter of Thaddee Boudreau and Louise/Lucille Melanson, was probably born in April in either 1826/7 or 1828 in Memramcook, Westmorland, New Brunswick, Canada.

There is no baptismal record at Memramcook during any of these years of a Nathalie Boudreau, or of any other Nathalie who might have been known by the name Boudreau.(however her civil death record dated 1908, indicates she was born at Memramcook eighty-one years earlier). The 1901 census puts her birth at April 1826, rather than 1827, and the 1861 census places her birth in 1828).

Renowned Acadian genealogist Stephen A. White and my mtDNA results offer evidence of Nathalie’s parentage, Stephen writes:

There were only four Boudreau families in Memramcook who were having children in 1828, and among these, that of Thaddée Boudreau and Lucille Melanson appears to be the only one with a “gap” in which Nathalie might have been born, and this “gap” coincides with early 1828. (They were married in January 1827, but their first previously known child was born near the end of 1829.) So, it looks like Nathalie could have been a daughter of that couple, and that the priest for some reason forgot to
record her baptism. Thaddée and Lucille also had a daughter named Domithilde, who in 1857 married Denis Dupuis, another son of Joseph Dupuis and Anne Richard. As multiple intermarriages among Acadian families were common, this makes it seem all the more plausible that Nathalie was likewise a daughter of Thaddée and Lucille.

If the above suppositions are correct, then your maternal-line ancestry would run back to Geneviève Lefranc through Apolline Forest (m Joseph Melanson), Anne Bourque (m to Paul Forest), Marie Thériot (m Jean-Baptiste Bourque), Marguerite Cormier (m Claude Thériot), Marguerite LeBlanc (m François Cormier), and Catherine Hébert(m Jacques LeBlanc). Catherine was of course the daughter of Geneviève Lefranc and Antoine Hébert.

My mtDNA results do match those of other testers (nine as of this posting, but with one mutation, 16189C ) who report lineage to Geneviève Lefranc (all trees have been verified): click here  to view mtDNA results at acadian-home.org compiled by Lucie LeBlanc Consentino.

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mtdna results

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Nathalie is not with this family in 1851, nor was she located elsewhere in the Canadian census returns.

If she is part of this family, her known siblings include:

  • Henriette baptized 26 Oct 1829 in Memramcook, married Olivier Moise Bourgeois, died 22 March 1899 in Memramcook.
  • Domitille baptized 4 June 1832 in Memramcook (listed with the family in 1851 census)
  • Osite baptized 15 December 1834 in Memramcook (listed with the family in 1851 census)
  • Euphémie baptized 28 Aug 1837 in Memramcook (listed with the family in 1851 census)
  • Delfin born bout 1840 (listed with the family in 1851/61 censuses)
  • Ferdinand born about 1844 (listed with the family in 1851/61/71 censuses), by 1900 he was residing in Fitchburg, Massachusetts where he died 11 November 1917. He married Domitilde Gautreau, according to death records, daughter of Thaddee Gautreau and Marguerite Melanson. She died in 1913.

Fernand death.jpg

  • Rosanna born bout 1851 (listed with the family in 1851 census)

She married Bénoni Dupuis at Memramcock on 3 August 1852.

nathalie marriage

Known children included:

  • Eustache, baptized Memramcook, 30 Jun 1854 [8-64]; appears on a farm in Malakoff with his parents, brother’s Ferdinand’s family and finally Phillias’ family; no marriage or children found; likely died 10 Apr 1914 in Scoudouc (laborer, died of dropsy after six months illness – record here).
  • Marie, baptized Memramcook, 13 May 1857 [8-131]; buried Memramcook 14 April 1868  [M-53].
  • Ferdinand, twin, baptized Memramcook, 15 Nov 1859 [9-20]; married Olive Melanson, daughter of Laurent Melanson and Pelagie Leger (his sister Osite married Olive’s brother); he was buried 1890 at Scoudouc, age 30 [record here].
  • Phillias #1, twin, baptized Memramcook, 15 Nov 1859 [9-20]; buried Memramcook 25 Dec 1859 [9-24]
  • Phillias #2, baptized Memramcook, 15 Jun 1862 [9-90]; married Adeline Melanson, daughter of Hippolyte Melanson and Anne Melanson; in 1911 he was enumerated on the farm in Malakoff.  He likely died 5 Dec 1918, in Malacoff, age 56 from Influenza.
  • Antoine, baptized Memramcook, 16 Oct 1864 [9-174]; buried 1876 Scoudouc, age 12 [record here].
  • Ausithe/Osite, baptized Memramcook 16 Jun 1867 [M-27A] – see sketch week #7.
  • Marie Bibianne, baptized Scoudouc 15 Mar 1871 [15]; married Jaddus Melanson, son of Pierre Melanson and Madeleine LeBlanc, in Scoudouc. She died 1 Dec 1950 in Springhill Jct., Cumberland, Nova Scotia from Breast Cancer (record here).

1861 Census – see Benoni’s sketch for images/details.

In 1861, Benoni, Nathalie and their three children, with several of Joseph’s siblings, resided on a farm adjacent to his father’s, in Scoudouc, which in 1866 became known as Malakoff (by 1898 Malakoff was a farming and lumbering settlement with 1 store and a population of 150 so it was likely a smaller community in 1861).

1871 Census – see Benoni’s sketch for images/details.

In 1871, the family is enumerated on the same farm.

1881 Census

Benoni died between 1871 and 1881, likely after 1875.  His death entry has not been located in parish or civil records. Nathalie Sarah’s father Thaddee passed away on 15 October 1875, in Memramcook, New Brunswick, at the age of 70.

In 1881, a widowed Nathalie is enumerated in the household of her son Ferdinand along with several of her children, in Scoudouc at Dorchester Road, Shediac Parish, a farm which Ferdinand had purchased of his father in 1875, for two hundred pounds. Ferdinand later took a mortgage on the land; which was noted as land in Malakoff.

The census microfilm is unreadable in places, the family is indexed on Ancestry.com as:

Ferdinand 20, farmer
Natallie  53, [Nathalie]
Eustash  26, farm laborer [Eustache]
Phillias  18, farm laborer [Philias]
Osite  14, [Ausithe]
Bibienne  9, [Bibianne]

1881 Nathalie

1891 Census

Her son Ferdinand passed away on 17 September 1890, in Scoudouc, New Brunswick, at the age of 30.

By 1891, Nathalie  resides with her son Philias’ who appears to be running her deceased husband’s farm with his young family.  Her son Eustache and her daughter Ausithe Melanson and their families reside nearby (or perhaps on the same farm). The census notes that Nathalie can not read.

Philias, 27
Adeline,  27
Adnas, 2
Elizabette, 8/12
Natalie, 64

1891 Nathlie

1901 Census

Her daughter Osite/Ausithe passed away on 28 August 1897, in Scoudouc, New Brunswick, at the age of 30. Nathalie resided next door to her young grandchildren by Ausithe, Laura and Melesse Melanson who were ages five and two. Nathalie’s  mother Lucille Louise passed away on 27 September 1898, in New Brunswick, at the age of 95.

In 1901, Nathalie  continued to reside with her son Philias and his family on the farm.  Her son Eustache resides with them:

Philias, 36
Deline, 36
Edna, 12
Honoré, 9
Celine, 5
Arthur, 3
Zelda, 2
Nathalie, 74
Eustache, 40

1901 census

Death

Nathalie died on 07 May 1908 of “general disease” in Scoudouc, Westmorland, New Brunswick, Canada.

nathalie death

My Acadian 30 – week #14, Jean-Bénoni DuPuis

CLICK ON ANY IMAGE TO SEE A LARGER VERSION!

In 2007, I joined Ancestry.com.  It never occurred to me that online, unsourced trees were inaccurate.  I essentially “copied” my entire Acadian family from potentially erroneous public trees and never looked back.  Although my newer entries are sourced, a visit to Stephen A. White, at Moncton University’s Centre d’Études Acadiennes [Center for Acadian Studies] in 2014,  revealed a number of errors. I am determined to start from scratch, and verify that I have all available records beginning with the 30 direct ancestors, connected to my maternal grandmother. This includes her parents, grandparents, g-grandparents and g-g-grandparents.

yvonne roy

To keep the project manageable, I will write of one ancestor each week.

Prior Weeks (click on a name to read the sketch)

Generation 1

Week #1 – Yvonne Marie (Roy) Billings

Generation 2

Week #2 – Pius/Paul Dost Roy

Week #3 –  Marie Laura “Laura” Melanson

Generation 3

Week #4 –  Docité OR Dosithée Roy

Week #5 – Victoire LeBlanc

Week #6 – Magloire Melanson

Week #7 – Ausithe/Osite Dupuis

Generation 4

Week #8 – Joseph Roy/Roi (King)

Week #9 – (Judith) Angélique Belliveau

Week #10 – Georges LeBlanc

Week #11 – Madeleine LeBlanc

Week #12 – Laurent Melanson

Week #13 – Pélagie Leger

14. Jean-Bénoni DuPuis, second known child and eldest son of Joseph DuPuis and Anne (Nancy) Richard, was baptized on 05 Jan or Feb 1823  (Stephen A. White mentions that the entry is dated January, but comes after January records, so he feels that the priest likely continued to write January in error and that he was actually born in February). He was born “the night before”, in Memramcook, Westmorland, Dorchester Parish, New Brunswick, Canada).

d13p_34030749

Known siblings included:

Modeste, baptized Memramcook, 20 May 1821 [4-157]; buried Memramcook, 4 Mar 1825 [5-106]
Marie, baptized Memramcook, 9 May 1825 [5-111]
Henriette,  baptized Memramcook, 22 Nov 1827 [5-232]
Denis, baptized Memramcook, 1 Dec 1829 [6-41]
Marcelline, baptized Memramcook, 2 Feb 1832 [6-88]
Anne, baptized Memramcook, 10 July 1834 [6-124]
Donat, baptized Memramcook, 29 May 1837 [6-197]
Aime, baptized Memramcook, 27 Feb 1840 [6-204]
Dominique, baptized Memramcook, 10 May 1846 [7-36/37]; buried 5 July 1869 [M-89A]

And perhaps others – also listed in the 1851 census are Teton and Osite?

It is likely that the family resided on a farm in an area that would later be named Malakoff in Scoudouc (also called Bellevue Settlement). Scoudouc would not become a parish until later; it was thus administered by priests from Memramcook, Saint-Anselme, or Shediac.

There are a number of land deeds in the grantor/grantor indexes for John (perhaps Jean Benoni ?), Joseph, Benoni’s grandfather Pierre and other Dupuis in Dorchester, however the deeds are not available online.  A map listing land owners does mark their location.

CLICK TO SEE A LARGER IMAGE

Malakoff

Dupuis land

The green arrow marks the spot on the map just slightly North of the farm.

river

1851 Census

In 1851, Benoni continued to reside with his parents and siblings on the same farm:

Joseph, 50, Farmer
Nancy, 50  [likely Ann: Nancy, was originally a diminutive form of Anne or Ann.  In medieval England, Agnes would’ve been Annis. Or Anice. Or Annes. Nancy emerged as a pet form of Agnes via all those variants. As Annis and company faded from use, Nancy attached itself to Anne]
Balona, 26, Farmer [Benoni]
Denna, 21, Farmer [Denis]
Donat, 2?, Farmer
Marcelline, 19
Ann, 14
Dominick, 13 [Dominique]
Orietta, 11 [Henriette]
Teton, 6 [No baptism located for this child]
Osett, 4 [Osite ? – No baptism located for this child]

1851 Dupuis

Marriage and Children

Bénoni married Nathalie Sarah Boudreau on 03 Aug 1852 in Memramcook (nothing was found in parish registers; the civil record survived, but does not name parents).

3618c69a-4b76-41e3-b4f0-694ac8175671

5e803966-d6d4-400d-ac4c-30a5ffcdd8d9

Known children included:

Eustache, baptized Memramcook, 30 Jun 1854 [8-64]; appears on a farm in Malakoff with his parents, brother’s Ferdinand’s family and finally Phillias’ family; no marriage or children found; likely died 10 Apr 1914 in Scoudouc (laborer, died of dropsy after six months illness – record here).
Marie, baptized Memramcook, 13 May 1857 [8-131]; buried Memramcook 14 April 1868  [M-53].
Ferdinand, twin, baptized Memramcook, 15 Nov 1859 [9-20]; married Olive Melanson, daughter of Laurent Melanson and Pelagie Leger (his sister Osite married Olive’s brother); he was buried 1890 at Scoudouc, age 30 [record here].
Phillias #1, twin, baptized Memramcook, 15 Nov 1859 [9-20]; buried Memramcook 25 Dec 1859 [9-24]
Phillias #2, baptized Memramcook, 15 Jun 1862 [9-90]; married Adeline Melanson, daughter of Hippolyte Melanson and Anne Melanson; in 1911 he was enumerated on the farm in Malakoff.  He likely died 5 Dec 1918, in Malacoff, age 56 from Influenza.
Antoine, baptized Memramcook, 16 Oct 1864 [9-174]; buried 1876 Scoudouc, age 12 [record here].
Ausithe/Osite, baptized Memramcook 16 Jun 1867 [M-27A] – see sketch week #7.
Marie Bibianne, baptized Scoudouc 15 Mar 1871 [15]; married Jaddus Melanson, son of Pierre Melanson and Madeleine LeBlanc, in Scoudouc. She died 1 Dec 1950 in Springhill Jct., Cumberland, Nova Scotia from Breast Cancer (record here).

1861 Census

In 1861, Benoni, Nathalie and their three children, with several of Joseph’s siblings, resided on a farm adjacent to his father’s, in Scoudouc, which in 1866 became known as Malakoff (by 1898 Malakoff was a farming and lumbering settlement with 1 store and a population of 150 so it was likely a smaller community in 1861):

Joseph, 62 – husband
Nancy, 61 [Ann] – wife
Denis, 26 – son
Aime, 21 – son
Dominique, 15 – son

Benoni, 38 – husband
Sarah, 33 – [Nathalie] wife
Eustashe, 7 – son
Marie, 4 – daughter
Ferdinand, 2 – son
Harriet, 33 [Henriette ?] – sister
Ann, 21 – sister
Osite, 18 – sister

joseph 1861 beloni 1861

1871 Census

In 1871, Benoni and family are enumerated on the same farm.

The family is Catholic and includes:

Benoni, 47, can not read or write
Sarah [Nathalie], 44, can not read or write
Eustache, 15
Ferdinand, 11
Phillias, 8
Antoine, 5
Osite, 3
Bibianne, 1/12
John, 80 [relationship undefined, but likely a relative]

1871 dupuis

In 1871, Benoni owned 100 acres of land, twelve of which were improved, with one dwelling house.  He had one plow or cultivator and one car/wagon or sled.

The farm appeared to be much smaller that that of their Melanson neighbors. They produced twenty-five bushels of oats, fourteen of buckwheat and fifteen of potatoes.

The family had no horses, one milk cow, two sheep and two swine/pigs (one pig was exported or slaughtered).  They produced seven pounds of wool and thirty yards of homemade cloth/flannel.

Jean-Bénoni also lumbered 125 standard spruce and other logs, two cords of tan bark (which might have been used for fuel) and four cords of firewood.

91781eb4-0ad5-4d54-85ba-72803321b6d1

b15a14e1-294e-4ba4-94ce-acb0c6110f34 (1)  615ef94c-61da-4a61-bf7d-15bf4c010521 15db3ef8-6d25-411c-95c2-850948c02866

Benoni died between 1871 and 1881, likely after 1875.  His death entry has not been located in parish or civil records. His widowed wife is enumerated in the household of their son Ferdinand, in 1881, which Ferdinand had purchased of his father in 1875, for two hundred pounds. Ferdinand later took a mortgage on the land; which was noted as land in Malakoff.

record-image_TH-267-11395-133645-82

record-image_TH-267-11395-133685-74

My Acadian 30 – week #13, Pélagie Leger

CLICK ON ANY IMAGE TO SEE A LARGER VERSION!

In 2007, I joined Ancestry.com.  It never occurred to me that online, unsourced trees were inaccurate.  I essentially “copied” my entire Acadian family from potentially erroneous public trees and never looked back.  Although my newer entries are sourced, a visit to Stephen A. White, at Moncton University’s Centre d’Études Acadiennes [Center for Acadian Studies] in 2014,  revealed a number of errors. I am determined to start from scratch, and verify that I have all available records beginning with the 30 direct ancestors, connected to my maternal grandmother. This includes her parents, grandparents, g-grandparents and g-g-grandparents.

yvonne roy

To keep the project manageable, I will write of one ancestor each week.

Prior Weeks (click on a name to read the sketch)

Generation 1

Week #1 – Yvonne Marie (Roy) Billings

Generation 2

Week #2 – Pius/Paul Dost Roy

Week #3 –  Marie Laura “Laura” Melanson

Generation 3

Week #4 –  Docité OR Dosithée Roy

Week #5 – Victoire LeBlanc

Week #6 – Magloire Melanson

Week #7 – Ausithe/Osite Dupuis

Generation 4

Week #8 – Joseph Roy/Roi (King)

Week #9 – (Judith) Angélique Belliveau

Week #10 – Georges LeBlanc

Week #11 – Madeleine LeBlanc

Week #12 – Laurent Melanson

13. Pélagie Leger

Michael Melanson’s book, Melanson-Melancon: The Genealogy of an Acadian and Cajun Family, does not name Pélagie Leger’s parents, but mentions a birth date of 10 May 1833 in New Brunswick, likely taken from the 1901 census.

Many in cyberspace say that Pélagie, is the daughter of Jean Léger and Henriette Cormier, born 23 Jan 1823, Memramcook. It seems likely this Pélagie was single and buried in Saint Anselme, 1 March 1898, age 76. Parents are not mentioned, but the age at death implies a birth year of about 1822.

Pélagie, daughter of Pierre Léger and Henriette Cormier, born 13 May 1833 (very close to the date in the 1901 census), baptized 28 May 1833 in Barachois is likely our Pélagie.

When Stephen A. White reviewed my tree last summer, he called out several issues but made no mention of errors in this line.

[Yes, the spine of the image reads “Bouctouche”; according to Facebook researchers and Acadian genealogist/researcher Lucie LeBlanc Consentino (website here) in digitizing the parish registers, Jean-Pierre Pepin, somehow mixed up the spine image from Barachois to Bouctouche. From what I understand, this effects Drouin records dated 1812-1838.  Ancestry.com has them indexed correctly as Barachois].

Pelagie birth

When Pélagie married in Memramcook, in 1853, she was said to be “of Dorchester”.  Thus the 1851 census further corroborates this set of parents, as there is a Pélagie residing in the household of “Peter” and “Oriette” Leger, in Shediac Parish, very close to her future husband’s family (the Legers are on page 43, the Melansons on page 46). Since Firmin Melanson received a land grant in 1838 at Dorchester Crossing, we can likely assume both families were enumerated at “Dorchester” in 1851 and still resided there at the time of the marriage two years later.

index card Melanson
Index card from the office of Stephen A. White

laurent-land1

1851 census and siblings

c41fd88c-f8eb-4054-8ed5-7e72e49a0ecb

Also in the household of “Peter” and “Oriette” Leger  in 1851, are a 22 year-old-son Joseph and a 15-year-old daughter Rosalie.

A Joseph born to Pierre Léger and Henriette Cormier was also baptized in Barachois, just 5 years before Pélagie, in 1828.  It mentions that Pierre being a farmer of Memramcook.

d1p_31300095

A Rosalie born to Pierre Léger and Henriette Cormier was also baptized in Barachois, just 3 years after Pélagie, in 1836; (record here); both further evidence that I have the correct Pélagie.

Other siblings named in this census include Henriette #2, Laurent, Modeste, Osite, Joseph and Casimir.

In time, I hope to identify all of her siblings.  Baptisms in Memramcook include Marie, Henriette #1, Marguerite, Laurent, Modeste and a child who was not given a name (the image references are from https://www.genealogiequebec.com/en/, big thank you to Sébastien Robert who is working on indexing these records with the inclusion of parent’s names, he hopes to have an index online by year end!):

Leger Cormier kids

Of these, only Laurent and Modeste were included in the 1851 census.  Henriette #1 and the unnamed child died young. I haven’t found Marie or Margurite’s death or marriage (neither was with the family in 1851).  The Osite, Casmir and Henriette #2, all included in the 1851 census, have not been located in other records.

Something to work on before I get to the sketches of Pierre Léger and Henriette Cormier!

Pélagie’s Later Years

Pélagie married Laurent Melanson on Monday, 18 Jan 1853, at Memramcook; witnesses were Simon Léger & Apollonie Melanson (likely Laurent’s sister born about 1834).

marriage laurent & pelagie

Known children include: Maximin, Nazaire, Rosalie, Olive, Alexandre, Maglorie #1, Maglorie #2, Osite, Pierre, Madeline, Patrice, Marie-Exilda and Zelica.  Lineages of these children are included in Michael Melanson’s book, so I won’t add them here.  However if you are a cousin and would like to share your line, I would love to add you to my database! Please write!

Pélagie is included in the 1871  & 1881 censuses in the Shediac district, likely Dorchester Road, Scoudouc [see Laurent’s sketch].  Her husband Laurent died on 14 Sep 1881 in Scoudouc and was buried there 16 Sept 1881.

In 1891, Pélagie’s occupation is listed in the census as “general housekeeping”, she is a 56 year old widow, living on her deceased husband’s farm in Shediac Parish, likely Dorchester Road, with her son Magloire listed as head of household.  Also residing there is Magloire’s wife and Pélagie’s children Pierre, Osite, Madeline, Marie-Exilda and Zelica.

1891

By 1901, Pélagie, her four unmarried daughters Rose, Magdeline, Marie and Zelica, and two granddaughters (children of Magloire’s, who’s wife had died) Laura and Melesse are residing together on the family farm now run by her 27-year-old unmarried son, Pierre, at Dorchester Road. Next door (or close by) was Magloire’s deceased wife’s brother Phillas Dupuis, his wife, children and his mother, Nathalie (Boudreau) Dupuis. Other Melansons and Dupuis lived nearby, likely all related. Pélagie’s son Magloire’s whereabouts are unknown in the 1901 census year.

Scoudouc included the community of Dorchester Crossing which in 1898 was a farming and lumbering settlement with 1 post office, 1 sawmill, 1 grist mill and a population of 250.

1901 Laura

In 1911, Pélagie continued to reside on the farm with her now widowed son Pierre and her six year old grandson, Joel.  The location of the farm is further described by the census enumerator as at Malakoff in Scoudouc.

1911

Malakoff Road map

Pélagie died on 11 Oct 1918 in Malakoff, Scoudouc, age 87, of pneumonia after a seven day illness.

death Pélagie

My Acadian 30 – week #12, Laurent Melanson

CLICK ON ANY IMAGE TO SEE A LARGER VERSION!

In 2007, I joined Ancestry.com.  It never occurred to me that online, unsourced trees were inaccurate.  I essentially “copied” my entire Acadian family from potentially erroneous public trees and never looked back.  Although my newer entries are sourced, a visit to Stephen A. White, at Moncton University’s Centre d’Études Acadiennes [Center for Acadian Studies] in 2014,  revealed a number of errors. I am determined to start from scratch, and verify that I have all available records beginning with the 30 direct ancestors, connected to my maternal grandmother. This includes her parents, grandparents, g-grandparents and g-g-grandparents.

yvonne roy

To keep the project manageable, I will write of one ancestor each week.

Prior Weeks (click on a name to read the sketch)

Generation 1

Week #1 – Yvonne Marie (Roy) Billings

Generation 2

Week #2 – Pius/Paul Dost Roy

Week #3 –  Marie Laura “Laura” Melanson

Generation 3

Week #4 –  Docité OR Dosithée Roy

Week #5 – Victoire LeBlanc

Week #6 – Magloire Melanson

Week #7 – Ausithe/Osite Dupuis

Generation 4

Week #8 – Joseph Roy/Roi (King)

Week #9 – (Judith) Angélique Belliveau

Week #10 – Georges LeBlanc

Week #11 – Madeleine LeBlanc

12.  Although there are a few inconsistencies, it is likely  that Laurent Melanson, was the son of Firmin Melanson and Barbe Richard, and was baptized on 18 Jul 1819 at Memramcook, Westmorland, New Brunswick, Canada, aged about one and a half months.  His godparents were Romain Melanson and Apolline LeBlanc.

Laurent birth

Laurent marriage

NOTES:

The 1851 census of Shediac Parish does include a son, “Lorong”, residing with Firmin Melanson, however his  age of seventeen, is not in line with the recorded baptism of the Laurent born to Firmin Melanson and Barbe Richard on 18 Jul 1819 at Memramcook (he would be 32 in 1851).  The 1861, 1871 census and his 1881 death record for Laurent in this same parish do not concur either; only the 1881 census lists an age appropriate to be the child recorded in the baptism. His marriage does not record the names of his parents.  I initially surmised that the Laurent baptized at Memramcook died, and a second son, for whom a baptismal record does not survive, was given the same name (a common practice).  However, we do not know to whom the census taker spoke; perhaps a step-mother who did not know the ages of the children, I believe it is a possibility that the census information is inaccurate, especially since the ages of Laurent’s siblings also seem to be misreported in 1851.

Rosalie Melanson’s (likely Laurent’s sister) 1859 death is recorded in Scoudouc. She is named as the 30 year old daughter of Firmin (record here).

Rosalie death

This lines up pretty closely with the Rosalie born to Firmin Melanson and Barbe Richard in Memramcook in 1827, 32-years earlier (record here)

Rosalie birth

Using Michael Melanson’s book as a basis, it seems that the name Firmin Melanson was unusual. Thus, if the Rosalie born to Firmin Melanson and Barbe Richard in Memramcook, died unmarried in Scoudouc, then it is likely that the entire family relocated to Scoudouc and my Laurent of Scoudouc was the same Laurent born to this couple in Memramcook.

A land transaction occurred between the years 1848 and 1858 (book MM page 397), where a “Ferman” and “Lorang” Melanson sold land in Shediac to the Roman Catholic Congregation.  Thus, further proving a connection in Westmorland of the two Melanson men with names similiar to Firmin and Laurent.   Although FamilySearch.org has the land deed indexes online for Westmoreland County back to 1785, the images of the deeds date only from 1870 forward.  Between 1830 and 1883 there are many transactions for Lorang, Lorang F., Laurent, Laurent F. and Laurent R. Melanson in Shediac, Scoudouc and Dorchester.  There is also one transaction in Aboujagane.  Although it is unlikely that these deeds would name a parent, they would reveal more of Laurant’s life and his relationships (and whether there were multiple men of that name in the area), I would like to examine these land deeds; they are likely available on Microfilm at the Provincial Archives of New Brunswick.   I plan to visit myself next year and/or hire a local researcher.

Microfilms related to Westmorland land deeds held at the FHL in Salt Lake City “Index to folders 58-60, 1764-1848; Deeds, folder 58” film #862073  and Deeds, folders 59-60 film # 862074 may hold additional information.  Some probate records for Westmorland County are also held at the FHL (here); since Firmin and Laurant likely left estates, there are perhaps probate documents.  I am visiting Salt Lake City in January 2016 and will examine those records.

I contacted Michael Melanson, genealogist and author of: Melanson-Melancon: The Genealogy of an Acadian and Cajun Family, to ask for help.  Michael’s book, documents the lives of nineteen Laurent Melanson’s, seven of whom were born between 1807 and 1829.  Just one appears in Scoudouc.  Additionally, he names only one Firmin Melanson born in the time frame to be the father of Laurant named in the baptismal record. He died in Scoudouc, 30 August 1858.

Michael’s response to my query  follows (published with his permission):

Unfortunately, all my notes on the Melansons are “archived” in the basement
– lots and lots of boxes and I don’t recall the exact method I used to
determine Laurent’s father was Firmin Melanson. However, I can tell you how
I would begin to do so.

When doing a surname genealogy, it’s done geographically. As a researcher,
you get to know the community quite well, which helps to weed out and see
beyond erroneous information.

Firmin Melanson received a land grant of 180 acres at Scoudouc in 1838,
where he moved his family and started a farm. Earlier, his father, David,
and three of his brothers had received land grants at Scoudouc, as well. By
1861, Firmin was deceased and his farm had been divided among his sons.

In 1861, as the census taker went house to house in Scoudouc, here’s the
order of Melanson families he visited: house no. 19 Jean  Melanson, no. 20
Thaddée Melanson, no. 21 Frank Melanson, no. 22 Raphaël Melanson, no. 23
Laurent Melanson, no. 24 Joseph Melanson. Five of these six men were
Firmin’s sons. Frank was his nephew. Using the Scoudouc parish registers,
subsequent census records, etc., the pieces begin to come together.

As you know, Acadian genealogical research is often not done in the
conventional way 😉

scoudouc laurent-land1

The Life of Laurent Melanson

Known siblings of Laurent included: Joseph (b. 11 Mar 1814), Raphael (b. 3 Mar 1816), Thaddee (16 Sep 1821), Jean (b. 8 Apr 1824), Rosalie (b. abt Mar 1827 at Memramcook and died 13 April 1859 and was buried at Scoudouc) and Apolline (b. abt 1834).

Laurent’s mother died between 1834, the date of her last known child’s birth and 1843 the year he remarried to Marguerite Leger. Marguerite also died, and Firmin married third Marguerite Babineau in 1850 as per “La généalogie des trente-sept familles hôtesses des « Retrouvailles 94 » by Stephen A. White:

9. DAVID MELANSON (à Pierre à Charles à Charles), m (1) MARGUERITE LE BLANC. Enfants :

vii. Firmin, n v 1787; m (1) Grande-Digue 12 oct 1812 Barbe RICHARD (Joseph & Marguerite LeBlanc); m (2) Grande-Digue 1 août 1843 Marguerite LÉGER (Charles & Apolline Bourque); m (3) Memramcook 3 sept 1850 Marguerite BABINEAU (Jean & Françoise LeBlanc); d Scoudouc 30 août 1858.

In 1851, Laurent, age 17 (not accurate if he was born in 1819? – he should be 32) was enumerated with his father, a Farmer, his stepmother Marguerite Babineau and siblings Raphael (20? – he should be 35), Rosalie (15? – she should be 24) and Apollonie (11? – she should be 17), in Shediac parish, likely Dorchester or Dorchester Road.

1851 census

Laurent married Pélagie Leger on Monday, 18 Jan 1853, at Memramcook; they are recorded as being of Dorchester (Shediac parish), witnesses were Simon Léger & Apollonie Melanson (likely Laurent’s sister born about 1834).

marriage laurent & pelagie

Known children include: Maximin, Nazaire, Rosalie, Olive, Alexandre, Maglorie (1), Maglorie (2), Osite, Pierre, Madeline, Patrice, Marie-Exilda and Zelica. Known lineages of these children are included in Michael Melanson’s book, so I won’t add them here.  However if you are a descendant of Firmin and Barbe and would like to share your line, I would love to add you to my database! Please write!

In 1861 Laurent is a Farmer, age 27 [not accurate if he was born in 1819? – he should be 42], residing in an area known as Dorchester Road, in the parish of Shediac, with his wife and four young children Maximin, Alexander [Nazaire ?], Rosalie and Olive.

1861 census Laurent

In 1871, Laurent was enumerated, in the Shediac district (likely Dorchester Road) as a Farmer, age 44 [not accurate if he was born in 1819? – he should be 52], .  Neither Laurent or his wife could read or write.  Only their son, 17-year-old Nazaire is listed as being in school.  Children living with the couple include: Nazaire, Rose, Olive, Alexander, Mack [Maglorie], Osite, Peter [Pierre] and Madeline.

1871 laurent

In 1870, 21 residents of the village died, most from consumption (tuberculosis).  There were two Melanson’s listed, an infant and a four-year old, likely related; schedule here.

Laurent owned 100 acres of land,  80 of which was improved and included one dwelling house and one barn/stable.  He had one plow or cultivator.  The family had one horse over three years old, one milk cow and one swine/pig.  They produced twenty pounds of butter and twenty yards of homemade cloth/flannel.

They dedicated one acre to producing twenty-five bushels of buckwheat.  Another acre produced 150 bushels of potatoes.  Six acres were dedicated to producing the hay crop (six tons of 2,000 pound bundles of 16 pounds of hay), one bushel flax-seed and ten pounds of flax or hemp.

Laurent seemed to be involved in the lumber business, the farm produced 1,300 cubic feet square of timber and 100 standard spruce and other logs and ten cords of firewood.

Laurent 1871 census

In 1881, Laurent was enumerated, in the Shediac district (likely Dorchester Road) as a Farmer, age 63 [first census with an accurate age?]. Children living with the couple included: Alexander, Maglorie, Olive, Osite, Pierre, Madeline and Zelica.

1881 census Laurent

Children not included in any census were Maglorie (1) born 11 Oct 1860 and baptized in Scoudouc 28 Oct 1860, he died 24 Apr 1861 and is buried at Scoudouc; Patrice, born about 1873, he died 7 May 1875, age two years and was buried at Scoudouc; and Marie-Exilda born 5 Feb 1877 and baptized 3 March 1877 in Scoudouc, she likely died young.

Laurent died on 14 Sep 1881 in Scoudouc, Westmorland, New Brunswick, Canada and was buried there 16 Sept 1881.  A stone has not been located in the St Jacques, Scoudouc Cemetery. The record appears to say that he was 64, the baptismal record would make him 62 (thanks to a reader for the translation!).

Laurent Melanson death

My Acadian 30 – week #11, Madeleine LeBlanc

CLICK ON ANY IMAGE TO SEE A LARGER VERSION!

In 2007, I joined Ancestry.com.  It never occurred to me that online, unsourced trees were inaccurate.  I essentially “copied” my entire Acadian family from potentially erroneous public trees and never looked back.  Although my newer entries are sourced, a visit to Stephen A. White, at Moncton University’s Centre d’Études Acadiennes [Center for Acadian Studies] in 2014,  revealed a number of errors. I am determined to start from scratch, and verify that I have all available records beginning with the 30 direct ancestors, connected to my maternal grandmother. This includes her parents, grandparents, g-grandparents and g-g-grandparents.

yvonne roy

To keep the project manageable, I will write of one ancestor each week.

Prior Weeks (click on a name to read the sketch)

Generation 1

Week #1 – Yvonne Marie (Roy) Billings

Generation 2

Week #2 – Pius/Paul Dost Roy

Week #3 –  Marie Laura “Laura” Melanson

Generation 3

Week #4 –  Docité OR Dosithée Roy

Week #5 – Victoire LeBlanc

Week #6 – Magloire Melanson

Week #7 – Ausithe/Osite Dupuis

Generation 4

Week #8 – Joseph Roy/Roi (King)

Week #9 – (Judith) Angélique Belliveau

Week #10 – Georges LeBlanc

 

11. Madeleine LeBlanc, daughter of Joseph Leblanc and Marguerite Collet, was baptized 21 Jan 1844 in Bouctouche, Kent, New Brunswick, Canada.

my madeleine

According to Stephen A. White, Madeleine’s full siblings included: __?__, Henriette, Marie, Damare, Nicolas, Suzanne, Anselme, Georges, Osite, Daniel and Olivier  (see his handwritten notes below).

Joseph

page 2 Joseph

In 1861 Madeleine (WhiteLeBlanc, age 18, resides in Wellington Parish with her parents Joseph & Marguerite and siblings Daniel and Oliver; next door (or nearby) is her future husband, Georges (White) LeBlanc, age 16, who is living with his mother Victoire, step-father Julian LeBlanc & half-siblings.

1861 census madeline2

As mentioned in prior posts:

– Joseph LeBlanc & Marguerite Collet had a son name Georges and a daughter named Madeleine.

– Sifroi LeBlanc & Victoire Bastarache had a son name Georges and a daughter named Madeleine.

One child from each family married the other – Georges to Madeleine and Georges to Madeleine!

My Madeleine married Georges LeBlanc of Sifroi LeBlanc and Victoire Bastarache in Bouctouche on 2 May 1864. They were both about 20 years of age.

george and marie bouctouche

According to Stephan A. White, the couple had eleven known children (I did not spend much time gathering records/details for them as this is a project for my “to do” list when I next visit Moncton, but I welcome additional information from cousins!):

  • Victoire, Henriette, Matilde, Vitaline, Eugenie, Zelie, Nerie, Marguerite, AdelardSara, Annie

Vitaline died as an infant.

Madeleine appears with her husband and children in the 1871 (Wellington Parish) and 1881 (Ste Marie, St Mary’s Parish) censuses [see Georges sketch].

Her daughters Henriette and Matilde died in 1890. Georges died on 14 Feb 1891 in Sainte-Marie-de-Kent, New Brunswick, of consumption, he was 47.

In 1891, the family is found in St Mary’s Parish. They were on image 34 and daughter Victoire (my direct ancestor) on image 36, with many LeBlanc families, likely related, in between:

Madeleine, 47 (widow, can not read or write, no occupation, “ad” written in the “occupation” box, unclear of meaning)
Eugenie, 18 (can read and write)
Zelie, 16 (can read and write)
Nerie, 11
Marguerite, 9
Adelard, 8
Sara, 6
Annie, 4
Georges Roy, 2 (no relationship listed – likely Madeleine had taken in her grandson, son of Henriette. Henriette had married Vital Roy, had one son then died in 1890, of consumption; sadly her son Georges died at age three in 1892 of la grippe, likely influenza).

1891 madeleine

 

Madeleine married second, Marc LeBlanc, son of Joachim and Prudentienne Maillet, widower of Cécile Bastarache  on 22 May 1893 in Ste Marie.

In 1901, the family is found in St Mary’s Parish (likely in Ste Marie).

Marc, 49, born 25 Mar 1851, farmer, can speak French and English, can not read or write
Madeleine, 58, born 15 Jan 1843, can read, can not write, speaks only French
Pierre [Marc’s son], 26, born 29 June 1874, occupation – farmer’s son, can read, write, speak English and French.
Nerie,  21, born 13 May 1879, occupation – farmer’s son, can speak French and English, can not read or write
Adelard, 17, born 2 April 1883, occupation – farmer’s son, speaks only French, can not read or write
Sara, 16, born 16 Sept 1884, can read, write, speaks only French
Annie, 14, born 28 May 1886, been in school 2 months in past year, can read, write, speaks only French
Joseph Caissie, border, 36, born 15 Mar 1864, journalier making $100, can speak French and English, can not read or write (he is also with the family in 1921 and noted as “father-in-law”).

Madeline 1901

In 1911, Madeleine (68, born Feb 1843) and Marc (60, born Nov 1851) were enumerated in St Mary’s Parish (likely in Ste Marie). Living with them were Madeleine’s son Adelard (age 28, born Apr 1883) his wife Emma and children Alyce, Madeleine and Mathilde and Madeleine’s widowed son Nerie (age 32, born May 1879), his children Marie Bertha and Edgar.

1911 census names

Much of the detail in this census are unreadable. Familyseach index here and here, Ancestry.com census image here.

1911 census

Madeleine’s son Adelard died of consumption at age 29, 9 June 1912 (record here).  Her husband Marc died, 8 June 1919, age 66, in Ste Marie of heart and kidney trouble. They had no known children together.

b8875a4f-4c69-463d-8ede-40a9086b2847

In 1921, a widowed 78-year-old, Madeleine, was noted as head of household (she owned the property) living with her widowed daughter-in-law, Emma, and grandchildren (by her deceased son Adelard), AlyceMadeleine, Mathilde and Adelard in Ste Marie.  A 54-year-old Joseph Caissie, who was a border with the family in 1901, is listed as “father-in-law”.  His actual relationship is unknown.

1921 census names

Madeleine lost her daughter Eugenie, 30 Oct 1933, and daughter Victoire, 25 Sep 1934.  At least six of Madeleine’s eleven children and two husbands predeceased her. 

Madeleine died 4 May 1935, age 92, 4 months in St Damien.  According to her death certificate, was buried in Mt. Carmel cemetery in Ste Marie (I did not find her grave during my 2015 visit).  She died of old age, with no doctor. Her son Nerie was the informant.

death cert

My Acadian 30 – week #10, Georges LeBlanc

CLICK ON ANY IMAGE TO SEE A LARGER VERSION!

In 2007, I joined Ancestry.com.  It never occurred to me that online, unsourced trees were inaccurate.  I essentially “copied” my entire Acadian family from potentially erroneous public trees and never looked back.  Although my newer entries are sourced, a visit to Stephen A. White, at Moncton University’s Centre d’Études Acadiennes [Center for Acadian Studies] in 2014,  revealed a number of errors. I am determined to start from scratch, and verify that I have all available records beginning with the 30 direct ancestors, connected to my maternal grandmother. This includes her parents, grandparents, g-grandparents and g-g-grandparents.

yvonne roy

To keep the project manageable, I will write of one ancestor each week.

Prior Weeks (click on a name to read the sketch)

Generation 1

Week #1 – Yvonne Marie (Roy) Billings

Generation 2

Week #2 – Pius/Paul Dost Roy

Week #3 –  Marie Laura “Laura” Melanson

Generation 3

Week #4 –  Docité OR Dosithée Roy

Week #5 – Victoire LeBlanc

Week #6 – Magloire Melanson

Week #7 – Ausithe/Osite Dupuis

Generation 4

Week #8 – Joseph Roy/Roi (King)

Week #9 – (Judith) Angélique Belliveau

10. Georges LeBlanc, son and fourth known child of Sifroi LeBlanc and Victoire Bastarache, was baptized on 09 Feb 1844 in Bouctouche, Kent, New Brunswick, Canada.

my Georges birth

According to Stephen A. White, Georges’ full siblings included: Madeline, Jacques, Aime and Sifroi (see his handwritten notes below)

In 1861 Georges (White) LeBlanc, age 16, and mother Victoire are living in Wellington Parish with step-father Julian LeBlanc & half-siblings. Next door (or nearby) is Georges future wife Madeleine (White) LeBlanc, age 18 who resides with her parents Joseph & Marguerite and siblings Daniel and Oliver.

1861 census madeline2

As mentioned in prior posts:

– Joseph LeBlanc & Marguerite Collet had a son name Georges and a daughter named Madeleine.

– Sifroi LeBlanc & Victoire Bastarache had a son name Georges and a daughter named Madeleine.

One child from each family married the other – Georges to Madeleine and Georges to Madeleine!

Sifroi

Georges married Madeleine of Joseph LeBlanc & Marguerite Collet in Bouctouche on 2 May 1864. They were both about 20 years of age.

george and marie bouctouche

You are noticing that the marriage record from the Drouin indexes does not specifically name Georges and Madeleine’s parents.  Stephen White has been working these families for decades!  He has been able to determine the likelihood of who was married to whom and born to whom because he has studied the entire population.  There are likely additional analyses and records to which I do not have access or that I have not reviewed (like all of the birth/marriage/death records of each of their children).

According to Stephan A. White, the couple had eleven known children (I did not spend much time gathering records for them as this is a project for my “to do” list when I next visit Moncton, but I welcome additional information from cousins!):

  • Victoire (my direct ancestor, see week #5 sketch)
  • Henriette – She married Vital Roy 22 April 1887 at Ste Marie, son of Joseph Roy/Roi (King) and (Judith) Angélique Beliveau.  He was a brother to Victorie’s husband. She died, age 23 on 20 Oct 1890 of consumption, and was buried at Mont-Carmel (record here and here).

              They had one known child:

(a) Georges, b. 13 Mar 1889, St. Mary’s (PANB birth); d. 1892, age 3, buried 6 June in Ste Marie de Mont-                 Carmel (Drouin Collection death)

  • Matilde – She died in 1890, cause unknown, age 21, no known children (record here).
  • Vitaline – She died in 1871, as an infant (record here).
  • Eugenie – She married Richard LeBlanc, 7 Sept 1891, in Sainte-Marie-de-Kent (record here).  She died in Ste-Marie-de-Kent, age 61, on 30 Oct 1933 (record here)
  • Zelia – She married David Caissie 18 Nov 1895 and died 7 Feb 1944. Thanks to a Facebook friend for providing details!

Zelica marriage Zelica death

  • Nerie – He married Marguerite LeBlanc, daughter of  ___zade and Genevieve LeBlanc, on 03 Feb 1902, at St Mary’s (record here).  He married second Alice Cormier, daughter of Josue (?) Cormier and Marie Melançon, on 15 Feb 1912 at St Mary’s (record here).
  • Marguerite
  •  Adelard – He married Emma Gaudet, daughter of John Gaudet and Veronique Maillet, on 26 Nov 1906, at St Mary’s (record here). He died 9 June 1912 (record here).
  •  Sara – may have died 10 Dec 1905 in Ste-Marie, age 21, of consumption, no parents named on the death entry (record here).
  • Annie – Married Sylvain Gaudet, son of Laurant and Genevieve LeBlanc, Mar 1905, at St Mary’s (record here), she was the last to die. Thanks to a Facebook friend for locating her obituary in Evangeline Newspaper dated 9 Jan 1970.

annie death

In 1871, the family was enumerated in Wellington Parish (possibly in or near Ste Marie; Wellington was established in 1814 and included Saint Mary Parish until 1867) .

  • George, 27 (unable to read or write);
  • Madeleine, 27 (unable to write);
  • Victoire, 6;
  • Henriette, 4;
  • Matilde, 2;
  • Vitaline, 2 months

1871 leblanc

Georges owned 50 acres of land, 25 of which was improved and included one dwelling house and one barn/stable.  They had two carriages/sleighs; four cars/wagons or sleds; two plows or cultivators.  The family had one horse over three years old, five sheep and four swine/pigs.  Two swine had been killed or sold for slaughter or export. They produced nice pounds of wool; thirty-three yards of homemade cloth/flannel and three yards of homemade linen.

They dedicated one acre to producing five bushels of spring wheat, one bushel of barley, 300 bushels of oats, 15 bushels of rye and 35 bushels of buckwheat.  Two acres produced 160 bushels of potatoes and two bushels of turnips.  One and half acres were dedicated to producing the hay crop (one ton of 2,000 pound bundles of 16 pounds of hay), one and a half bushels flax-seed and five pounds of flax or hemp. He also produced 100 pounds of maple syrup. The land produced sixteen cords of firewood.

Georges was a fisherman. He did not own any type of water vessel but reported  23 fathoms of nets and seizes of all sorts (a fathom is about six feet) . He caught 1/3 barrel gaspareaux (name of a common salt-water fish of Acadia, also called alewife), ten barrels of oysters and 10 barrels of other fishes (not defined – see list of fishes that were categorized in image below).

1871 leblanc

In 1881, the family was enumerated in Ste Marie, St Mary’s Parish.

  • George, 38;
  • Madeleine, 38;
  • Victoire, 15;
  • Henriette, 13 (attending school);
  • Matilde, 11  (attending school);
  • Eugenie, 8;
  • Milie Zeliah (Zelie), 6,
  • Nerie, 1;
  • Marguerite, 1 month

1881 census george

Georges died on 14 Feb 1891 in Sainte-Marie-de-Kent, New Brunswick, of consumption, he was 47 and had been sick for a year. I did not locate his grave during my 2015 visit or at http://www.acadian-cemeteries.acadian-home.org/frames.html

Georges death

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