Archive for the ‘Pinder’ Category

A Genealogical Scam!

It has been two years since I wrote this post, but I think it is important for those just starting out, so I am reposting….

Passage to the Past's Blog

My first experience at genealogical research wasn’t research at all.  But I didn’t know any better. 

I wanted to know more of my ancestor David Pinder/Pindar/Pendar/Pender/Pynder.  His Seaman’s Protection Certificate tells me he was a native of Ipswich, Essex County, Massachusetts, he was  5’11” with light hair, light complexion, blue eyes and a large scar on his bosom. He died at sea in 1815 at the age of 27.  His young widow and their two young daughters ages 3 and 5, relocated to Malden, Massachusetts a distance of about 20 miles. 

I knew how to research in Malden (or so I thought – keep in mind, this was my first week as a researcher), but had no idea how to research in Ipswich.  So, I “Googled” the Ipswich Historical Society and asked if they could help.  A few days later, they referred me to a local genealogist. We made contact, I sent…

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52 Ancestors Week #33 – The Battle of Bunker Hill

No Story Too Small has issued a New Year’s Challenge: “Have one blog post each week devoted to a specific ancestor. It could be a story, a biography, a photograph, an outline of a research problem — anything that focuses on one ancestor.”

DOUBLE CLICK ON ANY IMAGE TO VIEW A LARGER VERSION.

A few years ago, my husband and I purchased a second home in Charlestown, Massachusetts; a stone’s throw from the Bunker Hill Monument.

IMG_03202013-11-02 14.07.44

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1830 bunker hill

This monument stands on the site of “The Battle of Bunker Hill”, actually called Breed’s Hill, the first major battle of the American Revolution, on June 17, 1775. resulting in about 400 American and 1,054 British casualties.  The town was burnt to the ground and the Charlestown Peninsula fell into British control. Despite losing their strategic positions, the battle was a significant morale-builder for the inexperienced Americans, convincing them that patriotism could overcome a more advanced British military.

account of Battle

On June 17, 1825, the fiftieth anniversary of this important battle, the cornerstone of the monument was laid by the Marquis de Lafayette and an address delivered by Daniel Webster. It was estimated that 100,000 – 150,000 spectators flocked to town, folks from all 24 states of the Union plus “many strangers”.  Survivors of the Battle, the Revolutionary Army and all officers of the Army, Navy and Militia were invited guests to a dinner; others could purchase tickets for $1.50 at Boston book stores. The dinner tent was 400 feet long and 100 feet wide with 12 tables running lengthwise.  In the center was a 100 by 50 foot platform for the invited guests and a gallery for the band.  Attached to the tent were three spacious kitchens and crockery/glassware store.  Mr. Smith was engaged to serve 4,000. One of the (unnamed) Battle survivors was expected to wear the same coat that he wore to Battle, which had no less than nine bullet holes!  The Toll Houses were closed that day and it was requested that navigators not apply for the draw to be open that day. Each survivor was offered three dollars plus one dollar for every twenty miles of travel to cover their costs.

“Every street was filled with passing multitude, moving in various directions; wherever the eye turned it encountered a dense mass of living bodies; and wherever listened the sound of martial music was heard. In short, we were wholly inundated with soldiers, musicians, citizens, carriages and horses.  

At about half passed 10 o’clock the procession moved from the common, escorted by 16 companies of Infantry and one of cavalry, belonging to this city and the adjoining towns.  The bells in this city and those in Charlestown, were kept tolling during the moving of the procession; and salutes were fired in the morning and during the day.”  

At the head of the procession, in eight carriages, were 40 survivors of the Bunker Hill Battle. Each wore on his breast a badge “Bunker Hill, June 17, 1775”; many having implements of war they used in the fight.  Newspaper accounts estimate that the procession exceeded 7,000 persons.

“The procession arrived in Charlestown at about half past twelve…the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts then proceeded to lay the corner stone…the address of the Hon. Daniel Webster is very highly spoken of.  The masterly eloquence of the speaker, when addressing Gen. Lafayette drew tears from every eye. The General, the veterans of the revolution, the speaker and indeed the whole assembly were effected most sensibly. While not a dry eye was to be seen, not a whisper was to be heard, all was still as night…”

The address lasted an hour and forty minutes which was followed by a number of toasts, then an excellent “collation” prepared by Mr. Smith.

Read more here: article

inscription

bunker hillbunker hil celebration

Turns out that my 5th g-grandfather, Moses Pindar (Pinder, Pendar, Pender, Pindir, Pyndar) fought in the battle and (although it is unknown if he attended) was an invited guest to the commemorative event!!!!

Moses Pindar chart

Moses fought in the Battle of Bunker Hill, as a private, in Captain Abraham Dodge’s Company, part of Colonial Moses Little’s regiment, after enlisting on 3 May 1775.   Other survivors invited from Ipswich included: Nathaniel Wade, Joseph Hodgkins, John Lukeman, Jabez Farley, John H. Boardman, Nathanial Farley, Abraham Perkins and Solomon Coleman.

moses more

Moses Pindar Revolution

Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors reads: Pinder, Moses, Ipswich. Private, Cat. Abraham Dodge’s co., Col. Moses Little’s (17th) regt.; muster roll dated Aug. 1, 1775; enlisted May 3, 1775; service, 12 weeks 6 days; also, company return endorsed “October the 9 1775;” age, 25 yrs. t

There is one inconsistency, if this is my Moses, he would have been born in 1750 to be age 25 in 1775 – the Moses born to John Pinder and Katherine Kimball was born 10 years earlier in 1740/1741 and age 35 – I believe he was actually 35 and age 25 is an error, see my analysis under vital records.

moses book

roll

Colonial Little’s 17th & 24th regiments were composed entirely of men from Essex County. Captain Abraham Dodge’s group had 1 captain, 2 lieutenants, 1 ensign, 4 sergeants, 4 corporals, 2 fifers and 59 privates.

“At the Battle of Bunker Hill, Col. Little led three of his companies across Charlestown Neck, under severe fire from British batteries and ships of war, reached the scene of action before the first charge of the enemy, and was present throughout the entire engagement. His men were posted in different places – a part at the redoubt, and a part at the breastwork, and some at the rail fence. A fourth company came upon the field after the battle began”. One account claims forty of the regiment were killed or wounded.  In another list the statement was made that sever were killed and 23 wounded”.

Another account reads: “His company were camped within sight of the battle of Bunker Hill and a number of them went voluntarily into the fight…” Moses is listed among the names of those who fought”.

It seems only one man of the company, Jesse Story, lost his life.

col little

moses battle

map

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Ipswich Vital Records – Births and Marriages

Births

Moses was likely born to John and Katherine (Kimball) Pinder and baptized 3 March 1740.

There is one inconsistency, if this is “our Moses”, and the company return [pictured above] which endorsed “October the 9 1775;” age, 25 yrs is correct,  he would have been born in 1750 to be age 25 in 1775 – this Moses born to John Pinder and Katherine Kimball was born 10 years earlier in 1740/1741 and thus age 35 at the time of the Battle of Bunker Hill.

I have found no evidence of a second Moses Pinder in the area, although multiple marriages are listed, there is only one likely birth and one likely death of a Moses, age 86, recorded in Massachusetts on 19 Oct 1827. The corresponding published death notice, which makes mention of Moses being “a soldier of the Revolution” and also lists his age as 86, which places his birth about 1741 and thus 34 or 35 years of age in 1775.

Moses birth

moses marriage

Marriages

Massachusetts Vitals shows three records pertaining to Moses Pinder married in Essex county; I believe there only to be one man of that name in Essex in that time frame and all three likely pertain to him, he was likely married twice to (1) Elizabeth Safford and (2) Mary Procter or Kimball.

(1)   Moses Pindar  – bride’s name: Elizabeth Safford; marriage date: 04 Oct 1765; marriage place: Ipswich,Essex,Massachusetts – https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/FCCS-T9H.  Elizabeth was the daughter of Daniel Safford and Hannah Hovey.  Daniel left 5 shillings to his grandson, Moses Pinder (his will was proved in Essex County, 1796, Case Number 24493 ). His daughter Elizabeth was not named; she was likely deceased.

(2)   Moses Pinder – bride’s name: Mary Procter; marriage date: 08 Sep 1778;  marriage place: Gloucester,Essex,Massachusetts – https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/FCHH-FJV the Mary Procter marriage registered in Gloucester states that Mary was now from Ipswich: Moses, and Mary Procter [formerly of this town, now of Ipswich, C. R. 1.], Sept. 8, 1778. They were married by the Rev. Eli Forbes, pastor of the First Church of Gloucester.

(3)   Moses Pinder – bride’s name: Mary Kimball; marriage intention: 19 Sep 1778, Ipswich,Essex,Massachusetts – https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/FCCS-TM5

Maybe Mary Kimball and Mary Proctor are the same person?  Perhaps Mary was married previously and one town recorded her maiden name and the other the name she used during her first marriage – since they are 11 days apart (the intention was registered after the marriage)? Mary was said to be 77 when she died in 1826, thus placing her birth about 1749 and about age 29 when she married, certainly old enough to have had a prior marriage.

The Massachusetts Tax Valuation list of 1771, which lists males over 16, and includes over 27 categories of property from buildings to financial assets to livestock, lists only one Moses Pinder in the entire state (in Ipswich) further indicating that there was likely just one Moses.  It is possible there was a Moses who was not of age in 1771 but then he would have been significantly younger than “Mary” and neither his birth or death recorded. There were no Pinders of Gloucester who may have fathered a second Moses. Other Pinders recorded were:  Benj’n, John, Jonathan in Ipswich and Thomas of Newburyport (no one with other variations of the name Pinder were recorded).

Children

Known children born to Moses in Ipswich include:

(1) Mary Pinder daughter of Moses and Elizabeth, baptized 28 May 1769 (Ipswich vital records) – no further records found, probably died young.

(2) Moses Pinder son of Moses baptized 30 Dec 1770 (Ipswich vital records), named in his grandfather’s will 1796, 1850 census in Homer, Cortland, New York.

(3) Joseph Pinder son of Moses baptized Aug 29, 1779 (Ipswich vital records) – no further records found, probably died young.

(4) John Pindar son of Moses baptized 21 Jul 1782 (Ipswich vital records) – died 1783

(5) Polly Pindar daughter of Moses baptized 10 Oct 1784 (Ipswich vital records) – died 1787

(6) David son of Moses, baptized 16 Sep 1787  (Ipswich vital records) married Elizabeth Jones and died at sea 1815

(7) George Washington Pinder Son of Moses and Mary Pinder  baptized 7 Feb 1793 (Ipswich vital records) – married Priscilla Allen in 1822.

Deaths

There is only one death of a Moses Pindar in Essex, – Moses, Oct. 19, 1827, a. 86 yr.; Mary’s death does not offer her maiden name: Mary, w. Moses, Mar. 2, 1826, a. 77 y.

Mary Pindar Death

Moses Pindar Death

Probate records in Essex County were not located for any man named Moses Pinder.

Siblings

On 30 November 1785, Moses’ father John, yeoman, died in Ipswich, intestate.

Ten days later, on 10 December 1785, Moses’ mother Katherine died in Ipswich.  She left a will in which she names her heirs as …”my children Moses Pinder, Simon Pinder, Katherine Fuller [husband Daniel], Hannah Stacy [husband Daniel] and my granddaughter Sarah daughter of my son John, deceased…..my son Benjamin Pinder and my daughter Lucy Henderson [husband Thomas]….”.  She left Moses six shillings.

Katherin Pinder probate

Occupation

The censuses taken in Moses’ lifetime do not offer clues to his occupation.  There is one mention in town records “1771, March 18th. The Commoners gave £10 to Anthony Loney and Moses Pindar, because their fulling-mill had been borne away by a freshet”, but it is unknown if he ran/worked at a fulling-mill for his entire life:

10 fresh

* “Fulling is the finishing of wool cloth, basically shrinking it into its final form.” “A fulling mill is used to shrink and thicken woolen cloth.”

The history of the beginning of the Cloth Industry in America by Bob Bamford, of Essex Books claims: “With the advent of the fulling mill in Rowley, Massachusetts by John Pearson, in 1644, came the manufacture of cloth on a scale never before attempted in America. Previous to John’s coming, cloth making was a rather crude industry. Practically all of it was homespun, and while the women did the best they knew, the results were, naturally, quite far from satisfactory. The fulling mill changed all this. The cloth was still spun at home, but the finishing or fulling was done at the mill, and consequently a much better material resulted. In time this lessened the importation of cloth from England, making it just one of the many contributing causes of the Revolution of a century and a half later”.

* A freshet is a flood resulting from heavy rain or a spring thaw. Whereas heavy rain often causes a flash flood, a spring thaw event is generally a more incremental process, depending upon local climate and topography. The term freshet is most commonly used to describe a spring thaw resulting from snow and ice melt in rivers.

In an 1824 land deed, he is referred to as a Clothier.

Moses Pinder land sale 1824

Censuses and Tax Records

1790 census

In 1790 Moses was residing in Ipswich with one male under age 16 and two females near (or with) his sister Hannah and her husband Edward Stacey.

1790 Census

 1798 tax records

Tax records indicate that in 1798, Moses owned land in Ipswich, perhaps jointly with Edward Stacey [his brother-in-law, husband of his sister Hannah].  The property had one dwelling house and an outhouse.  The lot was equal to 10 perches (about 1/16 acre) and valued at $150.

1898 pindar land

In 1812, Moses sold land (book 198/page 217) in Ipswich, his son David signs as a witness and Mary gives up her right of dower.  It is described as 1/8th undivided part of meadow land in Ipswich called Bartholomew Hill pasture and commonly known by the name of Pinder Right, originally laid out as eight acres.

Moses Pinder land sale

hill descript

ipswich_hills_map

https://ipswich.wordpress.com/2013/12/27/the-hills-of-ipswich/

Moses also sold land with a dwelling house in 1824 (deed pictured above, book 237/page 108) that he purchased of the estate of Stephen Safford for 36 pounds, 13 shillings and four pence. The land is described in the deed by which he purchased the land in 1769 (book 126/page 253). It included the Northerly end of a dwelling house to the middle of the chimney with a shop at the end of said house and a Dye house adjoining and half the barn and half about 8 rods of land, bounded southerly by Nathaniel Farley, westerly on the road that leads to the grist mill, easterly by land owned by the town of Ipswich, enclosed by a stone wall, the same land owned by Stephen Safford, deceased. Joesph Hunt purchased the other half of the property.

Untitled

1800 census household: 1 male <5, 1 male  >40, 1 female 5-10, 1 female >40

1800 Moses

1810 census household: 1 male 17-26, 1 male >45, 1 female 17-26, 1 female >45

1810 moses census

1820 Census – unreadable

Moses 1820

Bunker Hill Day, is now observed every June 17, and a legal holiday in Suffolk County, Massachusetts.  A day with special meaning, as I have now discovered two ancestors who fought in the battle (the second being William Grout, subject of a future post).  Is it a coincidence that I a own a home in almost the exact spot where my ancestors fought for our freedom?

bunker hill day

52 Ancestors Week #32 – Common Names and FAN Clubs

No Story Too Small has issued a New Year’s Challenge: “Have one blog post each week devoted to a specific ancestor. It could be a story, a biography, a photograph, an outline of a research problem — anything that focuses on one ancestor.”

DOUBLE CLICK ON ANY IMAGE TO VIEW A LARGER VERSION.

Elizabeth Jones tree

The curse of the common name.  My tree is chock full of them. One such ancestor is Elizabeth Jones, my 4th g-grandmother. Her likely father was a Jones and mother a Smith…. Can it get any worse?

In order to reconstruct her life and family, I am compiling her FAN (Friends, Associates and Neighbors) Club.  As Professional Genealogist, Elizabeth Shown Mills, points out, “Learning more about an ancestor’s FAN Club is a great way to discover new information about your direct ancestry, as these people are often listed together in deeds, wills, court cases, road orders, etc., and help you build a stronger case about relationships in your own family.” Also sometime called cluster or inferential genealogy.  There is a great FREE course narrated by Dr. Thomas Jones, on Family Search, if you are interested in learning more: https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/inferential-genealogy/251.

So….  This post may have a few interesting tidbits, but is primarily a collection of names needing further research. If your ancestors were of Ipswich, Massachusetts in the 1700 & 1800’s perhaps you know some of the folks.  If so, please drop me a note!

Married and Widowed

Elizabeth Jones married David Pinder (Pindar, Pendar, Pender, Pyndar), on 8 Dec 1810. Both were said to be of Ipswich, Massachusetts.  He was likely the son of Moses Pinder and Mary Kimball [or possibly Mary Procter – details here].

David Elizabeth marriage

 

David Pindar Baptized

David and Elizabeth had two known children:

(1) Elizabeth, born 18 June 1810 in Ipswich [notice the entry preceding Elizabeth’s birth, recording the 1806 birth of Mary to Amos Jones – a Jones! perhaps a relative?]

Elizabeth 2 birth

Her recorded birth date is prior to her parent’s marriage. I suspect either the birth or the marriage was recorded incorrectly.  The birth date matches what is on her tombstone and when Elizabeth died 22 Jul 1886, the death record notes that she was age 76, 2 months, 4 days (if she was born in 1810 she’d be 76 years 1 month 4 days). The marriage entry does not capture a birth date/age.

I do believe that Elizabeth Jones was her mother – Although possible, six months is likely not enough time for another Elizabeth to have died just after childbirth and him to have married a second Elizabeth. In the record book, 1810’s and 1809’s were mixed together, so perhaps the page was copied incorrectly (or the priest recorded the wrong year)….
I suspect the marriage was actually 1809 and that Elizabeth Jones was likely a few months pregnant….or perhaps she was pregnant, David left for sea unknowing and married her in 1810 when he returned.
.

The 1810 census, which lists only head of household,  does not resolve this question. David was not found in the 1810 census.  His likely father Moses is listed with a household of four, one male in the 16-25 range – David was 23, his brother George was 17 and unmarried.  I found seaman protection certs for both brothers, so one might have been at sea…

Elizabeth’s likely father, Thomas Jones also has a household of four, three are women, one female 16-25 – Elizabeth was 24 and her younger sister Eunice, who never married was 17. It is possible that Elizabeth could be one of the 25+ woman, but she also had a sister Hannah in that age group who may have been unmarried (a Hannah Smith is listed in David’s probate papers, this is likely Elizabeth’s sister who’s husband died several months after their marriage, in 1801, she did not remarry until 1820).
.

(2) Nabby, born 1 Sept 1812 in Ipswich [notice the entry preceding Nabby’s birth, recording the 1781 birth of Hannah to Thomas Jones – a Jones! perhaps a relative?]

Nabby birth

David, born about 1788, a native of Ipswich, was a seaman, described in 1806 as 5’11”, light hair, light complexion, blue eyes and a large scar on his left hand and bosom [Seaman’s Protection Certificate, 3 Jan 1806, declaration port Philadelphia]. Sadly, he died at sea, 19 Jan 1815, at the age of 27. Cause and location unknown

. david death

He died intestate [probate file #: 21991, File Date: 05 Sep 1815 Residence: Ipswich, Occupation: mariner]. Elizabeth is named as widow and gives bond with Amos Jones, Blacksmith [second time he is mentioned!] and Aaron Wallis, Trader, as sureties. The committee included Aaron Wallis, Daniel B. Lord and Jeremiah Kimball. Thomas Knowlton was listed and then his named crossed off. Witnesses included Charles Kimball and Nathaniel Lord.

. amos again

David page 2

The estate valued at $141.85, consisted of:

1 secretary $25 [desk]; one light stand $1; two card tables $2; 2 pine tables 50c; one low chest draws and pine chest 50c; 1 press bedstead, under bed and cord $4; two small bedstead $1; 1 feather bed, bolster and pillows $12; one flock bed and straw bed $1.25 [these are bed coverings, not actual beds]; 6 pair sheets $7; five pair pillow cases $1.60; 4 bed quilts $8.25; two coverlets and 1 blanket $1.40; Bed curtains and window curtains 50c; 6 table cloths $4.50; twelve towels $1; One looking glass $5; eighteen chairs $10; 1 candle 50c; eighteen knives and forks $2.25; 1 pair iron dogs 75c; one pair shovel and tongs 75c; 1 pair bellows 20c; iron ware $1.60; tin ware $1.50; two waiters $2.50; 6 small silver spoons $3; dry cask $1.50; wooden ware $1.25; one brush 20c; 2 pair candlesticks $1, snuffers and tray 20c; Earthen ware 90c; four dozen earthen plates $4; 6 fish dishes $2; two tea pots 25c; Crockery and glass ware $7; Bible and other books $1.75; Meat chest and sieve 58c; trunk $1.50; woollen wheel and clothes horse $1.25; umbrella 25c; 2 pair cards 50c; quadrant $3 [could be used for navigation]; slate 17c [blackboard]; wearing apparel $15.

He owed debts of $106.89 to Sarah Choate; Robert Kimball; Mary Foster; John S. Jones; Wm M. Rogers; L Dodge; Joseph Farley, esq; Elizabeth Cogswell; Thomas Manning; Elizabeth Appleton and Eben & Stanford, collector taxes.

David Pinder debts

Elizabeth waived her right to keep a hundred dollars of the property as her “allowance” from the estate. She believed the estate was overvalued and prefered to take her allowance in cash from the proceeds of the sale. She prays the probate judge will order the sale.

probate

probate 2

Elizabeth bought most of the items for less than the value in the inventory – Likely the secretary desk, the item with the highest value ($25), was a prized possession. Elizabeth was able to purchase it and the light stand for only $10. Total proceeds were $84.85. Elizabeth made the right decision to wait for the sale, rather than take items valued at $100. Other buyers each getting a few items included: Charles Symons; Moses Pinder; Hannah Smith; Daniel Cogswell & Ephraim Fellows.

21991-13 21991-14 21991-15 21991-16

Later Years

Elizabeth’s name is not found in the 1820 Federal Census.  This census includes only “head of household”, so she was likely residing with a family member or friend. Elizabeth appears in the 1830 census, in Malden, Massachusetts as head of household.  There are four others residing with her: 1 male age 5-10, 1 female age 5-10, 1 female age 10-15 (likely Nabby) and 1 female age 15-20 (likely Elizabeth). A search of  families enumerated nearby reveal no one who is seemingly a relative or associate from Ipswich.  Who are the two young children ages 5-10 residing with her? How/Why did she end up in Malden, a distance of about 25 miles from Ipswich?  Perhaps for a job in the factories? Elizabeth Pinder was the first of six generations to reside Malden (myself included), I have always been intrigued by her arrival, as it changed our destiny, but am unable to determine what drew her to town.

1830 neighbors – 1830neighbors

1830 census

Elizabeth in 1840, continues to reside in Malden, now with two males, one age 15-20 and another age 20-30.  Two people in the home are employed in manufacture and trade. Who are these boys?  Are both employed or is Elizabeth one of the two working?

1840 neighbors – 1840Neighbors

1840 census

By 1840, daughter Elizabeth had married Horatio Hall, son of Brian Hall and Polly Lane and was residing in Seekonk, Massachusetts with several children.  Nabby [Abigail] had twice married, first to Asa Knowlton, parents unknown, in 1832 (he died in 1833, age 26) and second to Charles Cousens, parents unknown, in 1836.  She died on 13 Apr 1840, in Malden, age 27, with no known children, cause unknown.

Between 1840 and 1842, daughter Elizabeth (Pinder) Hall’s family had relocated to Malden (they had a baby on 02 Feb 1840 in Seekonk, and then another on 17 Apr 1842, in Malden). The elder Elizabeth resided with Horatio and Elizabeth by 1850.  No one is the household was working.

1850

Malden was quite different in 1850, I recently wrote of the town in a blog post about Elizabeth Pindar’s granddaughter, Ellen, who in 1850 was nine: https://passagetothepast.wordpress.com/2014/01/22/week-5-52-ancestors-in-52-weeks-challenge/

Elizabeth died of cancer in bowels, 10 March 1853. Her death certificate lists her as widowed and born in Ipswich, but her parents are not named. The Ipswich newspaper included a short obituary: “Mrs. Elizabeth Pindar, aged 67 – a sincere devoted christian, beloved and respected by all”.

obit

Who Were Her Parents?

If Elizabeth was 67 at death, she would have been born about 1786, thus, the likely candidate for Elizabeth’s parents are Thomas and Hannah (Smith) Jones who were married in Ipswich 2 Nov 1773.

thomas marriage

Elizabeth’s likely brother Amos, reported their parents deaths in his account book (full copy below):

mother Jones death

Father Jones death

In the article “Joseph Smith [1783-1881] Ipswich, Mass.”; from the Ipswich chronicle, May 28, 1881 (Read Here) several pages, beginning on page 22, are dedicated to the recollections of Elizabeth’s sister-in-law, Amos Jones’ wife. Many of the same names are included as well as a number of interesting stories.

In one section she speaks of Elizabeth’s mother, Hannah (Jones) Smith when the family home was opened to Whitefield, the Evangelist.  In 1740, Whitefield travelled to America where he preached a series of revivals that came to be known as the “Great Awakening”. He became perhaps the best-known preacher in Britain and America during the 18th century, and because he traveled through all of the American colonies and drew great crowds and media coverage, he was one of the most widely recognized public figures in colonial America.

husbands mother

Likely Elizabeth’s siblings are:

(1) Thomas – b. 14 Oct 1774; m. Eunice Hardy, 22 Feb 1797 in Ipswich; lived in Tamworth; d. 20 Aug 1846 Gloucester, Massachusetts

(2) Amos – b. 2 Mar 1776; became a blacksmith; m. Elisabeth Smith, daughter of Simon Smith and Mary Shatswell, 30 June 1800; she d. 23 Mar 1846 of consumption in Ipswich; he is named in David Pinder’s probate. Two known children: William. m. Lydia Hamilton, of Chatham, and Mary m. Samuel Caldwell.

amos tree

(3) Nabby – b. 13 Apr 1778; d. 26 Feb 1787, drowned in Ipswich River; perhaps why Elizabeth gave a daughter this name.

(4) Hannah – b. 11 Sept 1781; m. first John Smith, son of Simon Smith and Mary Shatswell, 26 May 1801 in Ipswich, he died shortly after they married in December 1801 of fever; she m. second Samuel Henderson, 24 April 1820 (see bottom left, page 1 brother Amos’ account book); d. 23 Mar 1846 a few hours before her brother Amos.

marriage

jones marriage.png

(5) John – b. 13 Jan 1784; likely died before 1788

(6) John Smith – b. 28 Apr 1788; became an upholsterer; m. Mary ______; d. 17 Aug 1864 Ipswich, High Street Cemetery. One known child Alfred C.

(7) William  – b. 15 Jun 1790; lived in Salem; m. Elisabeth Giles of Marblehead 21 Mar 1813; d. 8 May 1860.

(8) Abigail – b. 28 Aug 1792;

(9) Eunice – b. 11 Aug 1793; d. 3 Jul 1825 in Ipswich; a devout member of the Baptist church in Ipswich, single, no known children.

image

Photo of Eunice found 2013 in collection of papers belonging to Edith (Haines) Hall, my grandmother.

birth Eliz

more births

Account Book of Amos Jones (1794-1824) 

Elizabeth’s brother Amos, a Blacksmith kept an account book. Entries concern accounts, payments, travel, deliveries, and work schedule of Jones and others. The volume also contains more than 30 scattered vital records for family members and acquaintances, mostly deaths but including several births.  I found the original in special collections of NEHGS and took photos of each page.

Many names are mentioned, unfortunately there is nothing recorded of Elizabeth’s move to Malden or David Pinder’s death.  I have attempted to transcribe the vitals:

Moses Willitt departed this life May 12 1819 [listed in Ipswich vitals as Moses Willett, age 43].

Sam’l Appleton departed this life May 15 1819 [listed in Ipswich vitals as Samuel Appleton, age 81].

Uncle James Smith departed this life Oct 27 1805  [listed in Ipswich vitals as Oct 28 1805, age 66; likely Amos’ mother’s brother].

William Loft/Lost (?) and Morgan D___ (?) left, moved to Boston 13 Jan 1816.

Captain David Lord departed this life Feb 19 1821 [listed in Ipswich vitals as age 64].

Captain H____ Caldwell departed this life Jan 16 1822 [no likely match found in Essex County vital records]

Nath Rust departed this life March 26 1822 [listed in Ipswich vitals as Nathaniel Rust].

Ch. Lord Day 11 Aug 1816

Mother Jones departed this life aged 1822 October 25 [likely Hannah (Smith) Jones]

Capt Ingarsole departed this life May 20 1817 [listed in Ipswich vitals as Captain Jonathan Ingersoll, d. 21 May 1817, age 70].

–  Brother Sam’l Hinderson and  Sister Hannah were married April 24 1820 [likely Samuel Henderson & Amos’ sister Hannah Jones], 24 April 1820

Benj Day departed this life April 7 1822  [listed in Ipswich vitals as Benjamin Day, age 67].

– 1813 Joseph Hunt departed this life Sept 16 [listed in Ipswich vitals].

Cousin John Smith born Sept 1760 [listed as John Smith, father John, born 28 Sep 1760 in Ipswich vitals].

Brother Isaac Kimball departed this life July 17 1823 [listed in Ipswich vitals as age 59].

– Robert Farley departed this life July 20 1823  [listed in Ipswich vitals as age 65].

– 1824 ___ John Lord son born February 17 on Tuesday [no potential matches in Ipswich vitals].

Jonathan Potter died 26 March 1824 aged 58 [matches in Ipswich vitals].

Uncle John Fellows, died 31 Mar 1824, age 73 [matches in Ipswich vitals]. Likely son of Benjamin Fellows and the widow Sarah Elwell who married Martha Shatswell (Candlewood, an Ancient Neighborhood in Ipswich: With Genealogies, By Thomas Franklin Waters).

– Mrs Eli Soward died 1 Apr 1824, age 57 [listed in Ipswich vitals as Elisabeth Soward, age 58, wife of Abraham].

Elizabeth Rust departed this life March 30 1814 [listed in Ipswich vitals as wife of Nathaniel, age 54, d. 8 April 1814].

Ant Cogswell departed this life Novemb__ 1816  [listed in Ipswich vitals as Anstice, wid. Francis, Nov. 1, 1816, a. 76 y.]

Mother Smith departed this life age 64, Aug 20 1819 [likely Amos’ mother-in-law, mother of his wife Elisabeth Smith; listed in Ipswich vitals as Mary Smith, wid. Simon, Aug. 20, 1819, a. 66 y.]

James Weber born the 17 November 1812 [no potential matches in Ipswich vitals].

Mary Craft March 20 1816  [no potential matches in Ipswich vitals, possible that this entry is referring to Mary (Craft) Fellows ?].

– departed (?) aunt ____ Coombs (?) March 25 1813 [no potential matches in Ipswich vitals].

Nath Whaman (?)  went home to _____ ___ 16 1814 [no potential matches in Ipswich vitals].

Wm Chil_  born Oct 14 1813 [perhaps Charles William Smith b. 14 Oct 1813 to Ammi R & Sarah, Ipswich vitals].

Father Jones departed this Life May 6 1824 age 71 (note above entry reads “on Friday year before”) [likely Amos’ father].

Wm married 21 March 1819  [no potential matches in Ipswich vitals – perhaps Amos’ son William ?].

Wife Wallis departed this life July 12 1813 [listed in Ipswich vitals as Mrs Margaret, d. 12 Jul 1813, wife of Aaron Wallis].

Mr. Kilborn Rowley  ___ 13 of July 1813 [listed in Rowley vitals as Joseph Kilborn age 68].

– 1815 Father Smith departed this life, age 65, August 29 [listed in Ipswich vitals as Simon Smith, likely Amos’ father-in-law].

– 2013-02-07 10.03.18 2013-02-07 10.04.10 2013-02-07 10.05.31 2013-02-07 10.06.04 2013-02-07 10.06.48 2013-02-07 10.07.31 2013-02-07 10.08.25 2013-02-07 10.09.22 2013-02-07 10.10.15 2013-02-07 10.10.55 2013-02-07 10.11.45 2013-02-07 10.12.08 2013-02-07 10.12.44 2013-02-07 10.13.21 2013-02-07 10.13.50 2013-02-07 10.14.21 2013-02-07 10.14.52 2013-02-07 10.18.25 2013-02-07 10.18.31 2013-02-07 10.20.57 2013-02-07 10.21.02 2013-02-07 10.21.13 2013-02-07 10.25.04 2013-02-07 10.25.29 2013-02-07 10.27.14 2013-02-07 10.27.48 2013-02-07 10.28.36

Elizabeth’s Ancestors

Amos Jones’ grandson, Augustine Caldwell (son of Mary Jones and Samuel Caldwell) compiled the genealogy of his g-grandparents, Thomas and Hannah (Smith) Jones – Elizabeth (Jones) Pinder’s likely parents.  He does not offer sources for the Jones records, but claims the data for Hannah Smith “mostly” was extracted from the family bible.

mas

Jones records Smith family bible

Elizabeth’s full tree still requires some research, but a rough draft is as follows – any Ipswich/Essex County cousins out there with further information?

Untitledeliz jones tree

A Genealogical Scam!

My first experience at genealogical research wasn’t research at all.  But I didn’t know any better. 

I wanted to know more of my ancestor David Pinder/Pindar/Pendar/Pender/Pynder.  His Seaman’s Protection Certificate tells me he was a native of Ipswich, Essex County, Massachusetts, he was  5’11” with light hair, light complexion, blue eyes and a large scar on his bosom. He died at sea in 1815 at the age of 27.  His young widow and their two young daughters ages 3 and 5, relocated to Malden, Massachusetts a distance of about 20 miles. 

I knew how to research in Malden (or so I thought – keep in mind, this was my first week as a researcher), but had no idea how to research in Ipswich.  So, I “Googled” the Ipswich Historical Society and asked if they could help.  A few days later, they referred me to a local genealogist. We made contact, I sent her a fairly large check and a few weeks later, I received a beautiful report, which I now know as an Ahnentafel Report, tracing my family back to the 1600’s in Massachusetts.

I was soooo excited! This research stuff is easy!  I added the Pinders to my family tree on Ancestry.com put the report in my Pinder file and checked them off my research list.

Fast forward a bunch of years.  Now that I have taken some intensive genealogy courses, read blogs, magazines and  practiced the techniques learned (making lots of mistakes along the way), I am revisiting those ancestors added to my tree in the early days.

I pulled out the Pinder report last week.  I realized it was unsourced.  I attempted to locate records online and also consulted microfilmed Essex County probate records (I happened to be at NEHGS for a day).  I have many other records to look at (unfortunately Ipswich is a three-hour drive).   So, I decided to email the researcher who created the report – why recreate the wheel!  She must have a reliable source for David’s parents (she listed them as Moses Pinder & Mary Kimball) and his paternal grandparents (supposedly John Pinder and Katharine Kimball). 

The response was kind of, what word should I use –  horrifying?  First, the genealogist, who will remain nameless, acts insulted that I was asking for her source,  she lists her credentials and indicates I should just “trust” her, why would she lie?  Then she tells me Ancestry.com is for amateurs.  After much prodding, she reveals the source. It is the published Ipswich Vital Records (she even lists the Essex Institute as publisher in her email). I tell her that I consulted the same exact source on AmericanAncestors.org (and forward her the following cover page of the digitized book) .

Ipswich_V1_001

She then changes her tune and says that she used the real books and not something on the Internet.

I have copy/pasted the email exchange below (my responses in italics, hers in bold).

This is just so wrong on so many levels.  I feel cheated.  Not only is she unable to provide a source that answers the genealogical question (who are David’s parents and his paternal grandparents?), but she only consulted one source for the entire report?

What happened to the The Genealogical Proof Standard?

  • a reasonably exhaustive search;
  • complete and accurate source citations;
  • analysis and correlation of the collected information;
  • resolution of any conflicting evidence; and
  • a soundly reasoned, coherently written conclusion.

Live and Learn!!  I am writing this for all of you just starting out…  Yes, hire someone to assist you when you are “stuck” or if it is geographically impossible for you to pay a visit to the town/village/city of your ancestors – but take care – hire a Certified Genealogist (http://www.bcgcertification.org/associates/index.php) or at least someone who is listed on the APG (http://www.apgen.org/) – ask for a sample report and check references before you just write a check!

————————————————————

Hello [name removed],

Several years ago, I had hired you to do some research on my Pender/Pindar/Pinder family.

I  finally have time to do some of my own research.

My 4th g-grandfather was David Pindar who was born in Ipswich and died at sea in 1815. Vital records to 1850 list his son of Moses baptised on16 September 1787.

There seems to be two Moses’s in the area at that time. I found marriage intentions which are 11 days apart; both men named Moses married a Mary:

(1) Mary Kimball – 19 Sep 1778 “Massachusetts, Marriages, 1695-1910,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/FCCS-TM5 : accessed 13 May 2012), Moses Pinder, 1778.

AND

Gloucester: (2) Pinder Moses and Mary Procter m Sept 8 1778 by Rev E Forbes.

In the report you gave me, you indicated that David was the son of the Moses (born to John Pinder and Katherine Kimball) who married Mary Kimball. The document that you provided to me did not include sources and I have been unable to find any record which indicates that this Moses is father to David (vs. the Moses who married Mary Procter).

I was hoping that you could let me know the source that you used so that I can obtain a copy for my files and create a proper source citation.

————————————————————————–

Linda.

It has been a long time. All the information I supplied to you came directly from Primary sources.  I would have used the vital records from Ipswich and Gloucester. I would have gone to Gloucester to help verify my sources.  I have my Masters in History and archival research and would have only used only primary sources.  Unfortunately I have moved and cannot find your file and it is difficult for me to remember all the research that I have done after all these years.  If you had questions they should have been asked at the time. I will try and check with the info you sent but I cannot make any promises.

————————————————————————–

Hi again,

My apologies for the delay in inquiring.  It is my fault – I had no idea until very recently of the importance of source citations.

I am sure you did the proper research and that the information you provided is correct, but I would love to have the source for my records. 

I can scan or mail the copy of the report you sent me, if that would be helpful.

As mentioned previously, I descend from David Pinder/Pindar (1787-1815) of Ipswich who married Elizabeth Jones (daughter of Thomas Jones and Hannah Smith).

David’s father was Moses Pindar (see attached birth record). His marriage record (attached – right hand page about half way down) says only that he is from Ipswich. His death record (also attached – see right hand page about 1/4 of the way down), just says that he died at sea. He died intestate – the probate records do not mention his parents, only his wife.

Family search has:

(1)   Moses Pindar  – bride’s name: Elizabeth Safford; marriage date: 04 Oct 1765; marriage place: Ipswich,Essex,Massachusetts – https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/FCCS-T9H 

(2)   Moses Pinder – bride’s name: Mary Procter; marriage date: 08 Sep 1778;  marriage place: Gloucester,Essex,Massachusetts – https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/FCHH-FJV the Mary Procter marriage registered in Gloucester states that Mary was now from Ipswich: Moses, and Mary Procter [formerly of this town, now of Ipswich, C. R. 1.], Sept. 8, 1778.

(3)   Moses Pinder – bride’s name: Mary Kimball; marriage date: 19 Sep 1778  marriage place: Ipswich,Essex,Massachusetts – https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/FCCS-TM5

I don’t know for sure, but since David was born in 1787, I am guessing one of the Mary’s was his mother.  If Elizabeth Safford (a widow) was married to Moses in 1765, if she was living, it is unlikely that she would still be of child bearing age 22 years later.  Maybe Mary Kimball and Mary Proctor are the same person?  Perhaps Mary was married previously and one town uses her maiden name and the other the name she used during her first marriage – since the intentions are 11 days apart?

In the 1790 census there is a Moses in Ipswich – 1 male <16, 1 male >16, 2 females  In the 1800 census there is also one Moses in Ipswich – 1 m < 10, 1 m > 45, 1 female 10-15, 1 female >45; the numbers do not seem to match up, in 1800 there should have been at least 2 sons, George age 7 & David age 13. The children born to Moses in Ipswich include:

(1) Mary Pinder daughter of Moses and Elizabeth, b. 28 May 1769 (Ipswich vital records)

(2) Moses Pinder son of Moses b. 30 Dec 1770 (Ipswich vital records)

(3) Joseph Pinder son of Moses b:Aug 29, 1779 (Ipswich vital records) – no further records found, probably died young

(4) John Pindar son of Moses b: 21 Jul 1782 (Ipswich vital records) – died 1783

(5) Polly Pindar daughter of Moses b: 10 Oct 1784 (Ipswich vital records) – died 1787

(6) George Washington Pinder Son of Moses and Mary Pinder b:7 Feb 1793 (Ipswich vital records) – married Priscilla Allen in 1822

on Fold3 & Ancestry.com, in 1775 I found a military service record: Enlistment – Pinder, Moses, Ipswich. Private, Cat. Abraham Dodge’s co., Col. Moses Little’s (17th) regt.; muster roll dated Aug. 1, 1775; enlisted May 3, 1775; service, 12 weeks 6 days; also, company return endorsed “October the 9 1775;” age, 25 yrs. [if this is my Moses, he would have been born in 1750 to be age 25 in 1775 – the Moses born to John Pinder and Katherine Kimball was born 10 years earlier in 1740/1741]

I did not find any probate records in Essex County for any man named Moses Pinder [could he have moved out of the county? or perhaps he did not have an estate at death].  There are records for both John Pinder and his wife Katherine that do mention a number of children as heirs, including a son Moses. 

Any help that you could offer in providing a source proving that the Moses born to John and Katherine is also the father of David would be appreciated.

————————————————————————–

Linda,

I did double check my sources last night.  ALL my info came directly from the Vital records of Ipswich, Massachusetts not from the Massachusetts state records. The individual town records are more accurate than the state records.  And all the data was correct starting with Moses’s birth & parents and his marriage.  I do not list each time I use a source when the one source I used was used for all the data I found.  I never assume anything-that only leads to confusion and misinformation.  I did go to Gloucester to check on their Moses.  Two different men, two different birth parent and marriages.  There is no doubt in this case.


If you choose to follow Gloucester it will only confuse you genealogy and send you on a wrong tree.

————————————————————————– 

Hello,

Thanks!  Can you please forward a copy of what you had found for Moses? I would be happy to pay you for your time and the copies. Please let me know the cost and an address to forward the check and I can send it out today.

I have access to the Ipswich typewritten books on AmericanAncestors.org and also to the handwritten Ipswich books on Ancestry.com (the first page in the book indicates that it is a copy carefully copied over by the town clerk Wesley Bell in 1884).

Neither of these books list any parents with the marriage intention, so I cannot tell if my Moses married Mary Kimball or Proctor. David’s birth and death record that I have does not list his mother’s name either.

I also could not find a second Moses with different set of parents in Gloucester. Could you please forward a copy of that record as well? 

The Gloucester books that I have says that their Mary (Proctor) was now living in Ipswich – were both Moses also living in Ipswich? I only see one Moses in Essex county in that timeframe in the census and tax records.  When and where did Moses #2 die? I did not find probate records in Essex for any Moses and I only found one death record and one enlistment record in Essex for a Moses.

 ————————————————————————–

Linda,

The Books I used were Vital Records of Ipswich, Massachusetts

                                                 TO THE END OF THE YEAR 1849

                                                                Volume 1, Births
                                                                Volume 2, Marriages
                                                                Volume 3, Deaths

                                                             
                                                                         Published by
                                                                    The Essex Institute
                                                                        Salem, Mass
                                                                                1910

Reprinted by…..

Higginson Book Company
Salem, Mass 01970

phone; 978 745 7170

http://www.higginsonbooks.com

These are actual copies of the town’s vital records books  kept by the town clerks from 1650 to 1849.   All the vital records are in these including Moses birth-his parents-their marriage-Moses’ marriage.  These are the best resources for Ipswich records.  This is all I can do short of sending you my books.  I’m sorry you doubt my word and resources.  I have devoted my life as well as many years of schooling to make sure I do it right.  It does me no good to make up info especially when it is in my own line.   Ancestry.com is mainly secondary sources for amateurs and I know for sure that these books are not included.

————————————————————————–

Hello,

I do have access to the books that you have referenced, reprinted by Higginson Book Company, in your last email via AmericanAncestors.org the (New England Genealogical Historical Society website – attached is the cover page of one of them).

If these are the sources that you used, they do not show (at least from what I can see) that David Pinder is the son of Moses Pinder who was born to John Pindar and Mary Kimball, nor does it show that Moses Pindar, father of David married Mary Kimball as stated in the document that you provided.

This morning in your email, you stated that there were two Moses’s born around the same time, to two different sets of parents who married two different wives. In all of Essex County, I see only a Moses born 1732 who also died 1732 to John and Katherine and a Moses born 1740/1741 also to John and Katherine.

In the books that you reference:

David’s birth states that his father is Moses – no mother is named.
David’s marriage lists his wife – no father or mother is named.
David’s death states that he died at sea – no parents or wife is mentioned.

According to these books, there is only one Moses born in Ipswich (and in all of Essex County) in the proper time frame and it does list his parents: Moses, s. John and Katharine, Mar. 3, 1740.

The books you refer to have THREE marriage records for a Moses Pinder in Essex County – (1) Elizabeth Stafford, (2) Mary Kimball (3) Mary Proctor

– NONE of these records lists any parents names. I cannot tell if there are three men named Moses of different parents or one Moses who married three different woman in his lifetime – or if Mary Kimball/Proctor was the same person and perhaps one name was from a first husband and the other her maiden name since the intentions in Gloucester and Ipswich were only 11 days apart.

There is only ONE death of Moses Pindar in Essex, again no mention of parents names or wife – Moses, Oct. 19, 1827, a. 86 yr. – Mary’s death does not give her maiden name: Mary, w. Moses, Mar. 2, 1826, a. 77 y.

As I mentioned this morning, it is unlikely that the mother of David was Elizabeth Stafford as she would have been past child bearing age when David was born.

So David’s mother was most likely either Mary Kimball or Mary Proctor (or both! – maybe they are the same person as I wrote in the prior email). ‘

After looking at the books you reference (along with other sources), I am not sure how you determined that David’s mother was Mary Kimball. I am just seeking clarification from you, and would love a photocopy of your source for my records.

————————————————————————–

Linda,

 I am using the actual vital records not books or an internet site.  I think that I can get actual copies of the marriage records & birth records from town hall.  I believe they would cost $15.00 each.  They would also be notarized.  They would be on the new forms with the old info on them.  I have never had to do this before but I see no reason they wouldn’t do it, it is directly from the public records.  As a professional my credentials have never been called into  question before and I have done work for the DAR and the Mayflower descendants.  You may not understand the difference between actual vital records and books someone has written on the subject.  If you want the actual certificates just let me know,  they have to be paid for in advance.  It would take less than a week to get them to you.

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