Posts Tagged ‘Keswick’

Who are the Parents and Siblings of John Hains/Haines/Haynes?

John Haines family

According to census data, my third g-grandfather John Hains/Haines/Haynes was born in New Brunswick, Canada about 1824:

1851 – Richibucto (census records have not survived)
1861 – resides in Richibucto, age 37, native NB, G. Laborer, Episcopalian
1871 – resides in Richibucto, age 47, English origin, Laborer, Church of England
1881 – resides in Parish of Derby, age 57, English origin, Carpenter, Church of England
1891 – resides in Parish of Derby, age 66, born NB, parents born England, Mechanic/Bridge Builder, Church of England
1901 – resides in Parish of Derby, age 76, born 5 April 1824, born NB of Dutch origin, Farmer, Church of England/Episcopalian

His son John’s death certificate places his birth in Nova Scotia, but all other records place his birth in New Brunswick. Unsourced online trees cite a birth date of 5 Mar 1824 in Frédéricton, York, New Brunswick.

There seems to be no surviving record that directly names the parents of John. However, I believe that his parents were Joseph Haines and Ann(ie) (Nancy) Boone who resided near each other as children, on Keswick Creek/Burtts Corner, New Brunswick a few miles from Frédéricton.

John Hains’ daughter left a historical account (albeit mostly inaccurate) of her Hains ancestors, naming her fathers’s birthplace on the river Keswick and parents as Joseph Haines and Annie Boone. John Hains himself wrote a letter to his daughter alluding to Fredericton origins. These two documents (here) strengthen the case, as they were written by people who likely had first hand knowledge and no reason to lie.

Patience Haines’ (sister to John) death record names her parents as Joseph Haines and Annie Boone in New Brunswick

John Hains writes to his daughter of the recent death of her aunt Patience McKinnon, likely his sister, on 15 February 1895.  He tells her that the death occurred at the home of Joshua Sharp, who has also died.

aunt dead

Patience Hains, a Catholic, was married to Peter Ameraux both of Frédéricton (Bureau de Santé), Parish of Douglas, County of York, New Brunswick on 12 June 1835.  Witnesses were Joseph and Alexander Hains.

Peter marriage

In 1861, Patience Ameraux, age 45, was enumerated in Richibucto, New Brunswick, Canada in the household of our John Haines, age 37 and listed as his sister.  John had been widowed in 1859 and his sister may have helped raise his children.

1861 census

Patience then married William McKinnon in New Brunswick 11 Nov 1862.

marriage 1862

Patience Haines McKinnon’s death record of 14 December 1894, recorded in Lynn, Essex, Massachusetts  names her parents as Joseph Haines and Annie Boone, all three born in New Brunswick. She was said to be 79 years, 8 months, 16 days 9 (thus born about 28 Mar 1815).

Patience McKinnon death

In 1870 and 1880, Patience McKinnon is enumerated in Massachusetts the household of Joshua Sharp (name of the second deceased in John’s letter to his daughter).  In 1880 she is noted as Marital Status: “Widowed; Relation to Head of House: Mother-in-law”.  His death is recorded about a month after Patience, on 11 Jan 1895 in Lynn, Massachusetts.

Alexander Haines – likely brother to John, names his parents as Joseph Hains and Ann Boone in a delayed birth record, recorded in New Brunswick

A delayed birth record found for Alexander Haines (also probably the witness to Patience’s first marriage), records his birth in York County, New Brunswick, 3 Aug 1810, to Joseph Hains, a farmer and Ann Boone.

alexander birth

In 1865/6, Alexander and John were both residing on Main Street in Richibucto.

directotry Haines family

Alexander’s death entry on 13 May 1896 in Richibucto, Kent, New Brunswick, Canada does not name any parents.

Our John named his second eldest son, who was born in 1850, Alexander.

Other Siblings

There were likely other siblings, however I have not found evidence that directly links others to Joseph Haines and Annie Boone.

Unsourced online trees include: Whitman, Elizabeth, Polly (Mary), Joseph, Abigail (Abby), Ann, Samuel and George.

Whitman

Annie Boone’s paternal grandmother (mentioned here) was said to be Mary Wightman.  This sounds quite a bit like Whitman and he may have been given the family name.

Whitman was married in St. Mary’s (York Co.) and although his parents are not named, it places him in the same area of our Hains/Boone families.

whitman

Whitman’s obituary places his birth at Keswick, an area where Joseph Hains inherited land from his father Joseph (see probate section).

Daniel F. Johnson : Volume 101 Number 2719

Date March 18 1896
County York
Place Fredericton
Newspaper New Brunswick Reporter and Fredericton Advertiser

Whitman HAINES, a well known resident of St. Mary’s (York Co.) died at that place Monday at the advanced age of 91 years after a brief illness. He was a native of Keswick and carried on a lumbering business for many years on the Upper St. John. About 45 years ago he moved to St. Mary’s and engaged in bridge building. For some seven years he was government bridge inspector. He continued the work of bridge building up to five years ago when he was compelled to retire by the infirmities of age. Three brothers and two sisters, all in advanced years, survive him. He leaves six daughters and two sons, all of whom reside in St. Mary’s. The sons are Alfred HAINES, bridge inspector and Frederick HAINES. The daughters are Mrs. Walter McFARLANE, Mrs. Trueman BURTT, Mrs. Jas. BOONE, Mrs. Samuel BOONE, Mrs. Thomas STAPLES and Mrs. Jas. GILBERT. He leaves eight children, 42 grandchildren, 84 great-grandchildren and one great-great grandchild. Deceased had been a Freemason for upwards of 40 years and took an active part in matters pertaining to that order. The funeral takes place this afternoon and will be in charge of Alexandria Lodge.

George

One son of George was named Joseph Whitman Haines and another William Boone Haines. The naming conventions indicated that he was likely a brother to our John.

william boone haines

In 1847, our John bought land with George Haines in Richibucto on the road to Bouctouche.  A few years later, in 1850, John purchased the lot from George and his wife Margaret.

41cd2cc5-3502-4e0f-aa56-f84dbe1e8296

In 1871, a George Hains resided in Richibucto next to (or on the same farm) as our John’s brother Alexander Hains.

Abigail & George

Abigail and George Haines sign as witnesses when our John marries 17 March 1849 Alice Edith Childs.

marriage

Abigail

Abigail was married to a William Shaddock.  In 1871, a 54-year-old Abigail Shaddock (presumably widowed) is found living in the same household with a nineteen year old William Shaddock and an 84-year-old Annie Hains.  This Annie Hains is of the correct age to be Annie Boone, based on dates in the Boone bible (see transcription here).  Annie’s father was William, so it would make sense for Abigail to name a son William after her grandfather.

abby census with Annie

Abigail named her daughter Patience who appears to have married Abigail’s sister Patience’s son (thus her first cousin) Elias Ameraux. They named her first four children Alice, George, Allen and James, all names common to this Haines family.

Abigail died 1 May 1904; her death entry names a birthplace of Richibucto, but no parents.

Joseph Haines probate (our John’s grandfather; father of Joseph Haines who married Annie Boone).

In the Parish of Douglas, York County (the location of Patience’s marriage), the will of Joseph Hains, dated 20 March 1827 names Joseph Hains and his wife Nancy Boone.

Early New Brunswick Probate Records 1785-1835
by R Wallace Hale, on page 192

Eldest son Peter £5 and use for life of Lot 18 on Keswick Creek, originally granted to Peter McLARREN, and at his death the Lot to be divided between my grandsons George HAINS and Israel HAINS, the sons of Peter HAINS. Second son Robert use for life of Lot 10 originally granted to Robert McCARGAR, and at his death the Lot to be divided between my grandsons Joseph HAINS and William HAINS, the sons of Peter HAINS, reserving a maintenance for my grand-daughter Jane HAINS, daughter of son Robert. Should Robert’s wife Amy survive him, she to have the privilege of dwelling on Lot 10 while widow. Third son Joseph use of residue of estate for life, and at his death to be divided among the male issue of son Joseph born of the body of Nancy BOONE alias HAINS Wife of my son Joseph. Son Joseph HAINS sole executor. Witnesses: Thomas WHITE, David MOREHOUSE, William Henry Boyer ADAIR.

Nancy, was originally a diminutive form of Anne or Ann.  In medieval England, Agnes would’ve been Annis. Or Anice. Or Annes. Nancy emerged as a pet form of Agnes via all those variants. As Annis and company faded from use, Nancy attached itself to Anne.

The will of Israel Estey in the same parish further associates the Haines and Boone families:

Parish of Douglas, York County, Yeoman. Will dated 4 February 1827, proved 18 November 1831. Wife Salome household furniture, one Cow, 4 Sheep and a good room in my house. Son Isaac Lot 81 already deeded to him and Lot 82 in the grant to the late Corps of New York Volunteers. Son William Lots 32 and 33. Grand-children Salome STONE, Lydia ALLEN, George HAINES, Israel HAINS, Hannah BREWER and Peter HAINS each 5 shillings. George BOONE of Douglas sole executor. Witnesses: Joshua STONE, James WHITEHED, Chloe STONE.

George and Israel Haines, sons of Peter Haines  are the grandchildren of both Joseph Haines and Israel Estey; thus Peter Haines must have married Estey’s daughter.

boone map

boone map #2

Boone and Haines cousins, would love to hear from you with further information!!

Advertisements

Loyalist William Boone

During the American Revolution, conservative estimates claim that 10-15% of settlers in the thirteen colonies (or about a quarter of a million people), remained loyal to Great Britain (other historians quote figures upwards of 30%).  Since the winning side writes the history books, Loyalists are typically portrayed as traitors.  In reality, the Loyalists were simply loyal to their government.

loyalists

Loyalists came from every class and walk of life, with varying reasons for loyalty to the Crown.  Some had business interests in England and believed the connection guaranteed them a secure life with wealth and property; others chose sides based on specific events happening in their own communities; some had emotional ties to their mother country; and others were simply fearful of the British Army as there was a high probability that the British would prevail and later persecute the rebels.  Some choose the British side because their military was large and strong, thus offering protection against indians, pirates and other insurgents.

A common theme was the apprehension of replacing a stable and seemingly successful government with democracy, which they believe to be a form of mob rule, and thus a breakdown of law and order which would likely result in chaos. Although the King was said to be a tyrant, Reverend Mather Byles said it best: “Which is better – to be ruled by one tyrant three thousand miles away or by three thousand tyrants one mile away?”

In 1783,  upon the signing of the Treaty of Paris, which recognized the independence of the United States, exiled Loyalists returned to England or settled in another British colony. About 35,600, primarily English-speaking, Loyalist refugees fled, with few possessions, to the then isolated and untamed areas of Nova Scotia. At the time, Nova Scotia’s population was about 53,000, thus one can imagine the impact on demographics.

To each family, Nova Scotia authorities granted adequate food and clothing for two years, 200 to 1,200 acres of land and farm implements. The Loyalists initially resided in tents while they cleared the land, erected a house and barn and worked to produce crops to sustain themselves and their livestock while enduring harsh winters. They had access to the river only in the few months it wasn’t frozen. The wife of one soldier recalled:

We pitched our tents in the shelter of the woods and tried to cover them with spruce boughs. We used stones for fireplaces. Our tents had no floors but the ground… how we lived through that winter, I barely know…

There are many tales of the hardships faced by New Brunswick Loyalists. After that first hard winter of 1783, however, most New Brunswick Loyalists probably took the attitude expressed by Edward Winslow, just being pleased not to be ” in danger of starving, freezing, or being blown into the Bay of Fundy”

The Loyalists wished to separate from Nova Scotia; they felt that the government represented the Yankee population who had been sympathetic to the now Americans. The British administrators felt that the capital, Halifax, was too far away from the developing territory to allow proper governance. Thus, on 16 August 1784, the colony of New Brunswick was created, with Sir Thomas Carleton as its first governor.

Among this group, was the family of my 5th g-grandfather, William Boone.

boone tree

f066ecc5-5e2c-4327-8275-71c859ade292

William Boone was likely born to Mary Wightman and Samuel Boone, a Loyalist who was captured at Manor St George on Long Island by Major Bemjamin Tallmadge and taken as a prisoner to Camp Security in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania (Peter Force Papers, Series IX, Reel 105, p. 334), where he likely died, perhaps during the fever outbreak that hit the camp in 1782/3 killing many (history here) .

In the book Graveyards of North Kingstown, Rhode Island by Althea H. McAleer, is a transcription of Mary (Wightman) Boone’s tombstone, from work done by Harris, who visited on 28 Feb 1880, and referred to the cemetery as the “Old Boone Yard.”

“ Here lies interred Mary Boone consort of Samuel Boone Esq. He lies interred at Lemchester [likely Lancaster].  She died Sept. 12, 1782 in the 68th year of her age.”

William married Ruth Hill, 21 May 1761, in Rhode Island, and by 1774, according to census data, the couple resided on a farm in Exeter with eight children. His parents and several siblings resided nearby in North Kingston.

william marriage

boone

exeter

A genealogist  (year of writings unknown) documented much of their history. Below are some extracts posted to an ancestry message board. The writings are unsourced, but it seems that the writer had access to the family bible. We do not have access to the original, nor do we know who made entries in the bible and how long they were made after actual events. The names do match up to those listed in Boone’s will. The list includes two children who died at a young age, perhaps indicating that the writer had first hand knowledge.

THE HISTORY OF THE FLEWELLING FAMILY, OR, MY ANCESTORS
GEORGE HAVELOCK FLEWELLING, and others

THE BOONE FAMILY

William Boone Sr.1743-1829

William Boone and his wife, whose maiden name was Ruth Hayward [Ruth’s maiden name was actually Hill], natives of Suffolk County, England, came to America and settled about the year 1765 [unlikely – he was probably born in Rhode Island, where record of his parents marriage is found]. They were people of considerable means and importance, their lands comprising most of the site of the present city of Providence, Rhode Island. The title deeds of which remained in the Boone family, and were finally in care of Mrs. Robert Allen (a direct descendant); but were destroyed when their home on the Hanwell Road [in Fredericton] was burned a few years ago.

William Boone and family were compelled to abandon their home and property in common with others who remained loyal to the Old Flag at the close of the war, and came to New Brunswick in 1783 [other records state that the property was taken from him].  Arriving at St. John, where they remained for a time, we find him applying for lands first at Swan Creek in 1786; and the next year, on the Oromocto River, where he remained for a few years.

Part of his family, who by that time were mostly grown up, settled there; but he not being entirely suited with the location, removed later with some of the family to the Keswick [River], receiving a grant of some 868 acres of land, at what is now Burtt’s Corner.  His first house being built on the farm now owned by Thomas Fowler, and standing just back of Charles Inch’s residence.

He and his wife spent the remainder of their days there and are both buried in the Baptist Cemetery at Burtt’s Corner. Suitable monuments mark both graves. They had a large family, and below is the record as copied from the Family Bible.

Name  Born  Married  Died
William Boone  Aug. 22, 1743 none listed  April 28, 1829
Ruth  Feb. 25, 1744 none listed  May 12, 1833
Children
John  July 12, 1762 none listed none listed
 Samuel  March 9, 1764   March 21, 1785  Nov. 4, 1848
 William Jr  June 22, 1766  March 17, 1788  Nov. 17, 1849
 Hannah   Feb. 26, 1768  Dec. 8, 1788  June 17, 1860
 Mary  April 26, 1770 none listed  March 9, 1840
 Lucy  Aug. 5, 1772  Jan., 1805  Aug. 13, 1842
 Henry  July 4, 1774  June 8, 1798  June 14, 1846
 Wightman  Feb. 26, 1776 none listed  Dec. 12, 1778
 Howe  Dec. 12, 1777 none listed  Dec. 12, 1777
 James (Rev.)  May 8, 1780  Oct. 7, 1806  Oct. 23, 1865
 Elizabeth  Nov. 3, 1783 none listed   July 6, 1800
 George Sr. June 6, 1785  Oct. 18, 1809   Jan. 13, 1861
 Anna March 17, 1787  Oct. 14, 1842  Feb. 23, 1881

.

Travel to Canada

Other records confirm that Boone’s property at Rhode Island was confiscated; and further state he was imprisoned for twenty months after serving in the Hazard’s Corps (Refugees-irregulars who served without pay or uniforms and provided firewood, food, etc., to British establishments, to earn money).

“William Boon”, a Rhode Island farmer, his wife and six of their children (two under the age of ten) are recorded as passengers on the ship “Union”.  A Samuel Boon is also recorded, probably William’s brother, who’s wife and child remained behind in Rhode Island:

The Union was part of the “Spring Fleet” and departed from Huntington Bay on April 16th with the “Kingston Loyalists” and proceeded to New York, where forty-three of the passengers disembarked on April 23rd. The Union sailed for New Brunswick on April 24th with the remaining one hundred and sixty-four passengers. (this list indicates 209 passengers) The Union arrived at Partridge Island, NB on May 10th, and was moored at St. John on May 11th. The passengers did not land immediately, but “remained comfortable on board ship” until June 4th 1783 (passenger list here).

They shortly disembarked onto a small sloop and set sail up the St. John River to Belleisle Bay. Despite their caution in looking for a good place to settle, when they first arrived, they found “nothing but wilderness,” and the “women and children did not refrain from tears” Nevertheless, it was not long before an area at the head of Belleisle Creek was laid out by a surveyor who reserved land for a church and a school, as well as setting out lots. The Loyalists named their new village Kingston. By the time winter set in, according to Walter Bates’ account, “every man in the district found himself and family covered under his own roof… enjoying in unity the blessings which God had provided… in the country into whose coves and wild woods we were driven through persecution.”

Read more of their experiences here

union boones

fleet

Butts orner

Memorial

Almost all land in New Brunswick, then called Nova Scotia, was Crown owned. Settlers wanting land, petitioned the Governor of Nova Scotia, usually noting the location they wanted. The request was made in a document, called a “Memorial”. The document might be written by the petitioner, but usually was prepared by a notary or Justice of the Peace (typically the requester had limited reading/writing skills).

Once approved, the Surveyor-General of Lands was directed to survey a certain tract or number of acres in a specified location and issue a certificate permitting the grant. The Provincial Secretary’s Office, drafted the grant which was signed by the Attorney-General and the Governor. A transcript of the final grant was also entered by hand into large bound record volumes kept in the Crown Lands Office.

The official grant was a large document on heavy paper with the Great Seal of the Province (a large embossed red wax disc) attached to it with a ribbon. This often was a prized possession, and many documents exist today with descendants.

Claims and Memorials
Memorial of William Boone of Rhode Island

To the Honble Col. Thos. DUNDAS and J. PEMBERTON Esqrs. two of the Commissioners appointed by Act of Parliament to enquire into the losses of his Majestys Loyal Subjects in America. The Memorial of Wm. BOONE of Rhode Island now of the County of Sunbury in New Brunswick.

Most humbly Sheweth

That Your Memorialist was possessed of considerable property in Kings County in Rhode Island untill the commencement of the late dissentions in America, at which time he was called on to aid and assist his Majestys enemies in America and on his refusal was insulted, abused and imprisoned, his effects and property taken and sold to the ruin of himself and family and he obliged to flee to his Majestys Troops for protection and during his continuance with them did his endeavour to annoy and distress those who attempted to subvert the British Government in America and in consequence thereof he was taken a prisoner and continued as such for near twenty months.

That Your Memorialist not having an Opportunity at this present [time], of procuring Deeds and other necessary pieces of writing to support his pretensions, but expecting hourly to receive the same, together with the evidences of Capt. Wm. CLERK, Mr. George SWEET and Joseph RATHBONE, all of this Province and others who will prove his Loyalty and Losses most humbly prays that your honours will take his distressed circumstances into consideration, as he having a large family to support in a wilderness Country, could not make a personal application in England, and from the same cause is prevented from an attendance on the honourable Commissioners at Halifax, but humbly hopes that his Claim will be admitted and that he may be allowed to prove the facts before the Commissioners when they arrive in New Brunswick.

And he is as in duty bound will ever pray

William BOONE

Great Britain, Public Record Office, Audit Office, Class 13, Volume 80, folios 42–43.

Notes continue saying that Boone under oath says he is of Rhode Island, now of Sunbury County, New Brunswick and from 15 July 1783 to 25 March 1784 he resided in the County of Sunbury and Nova Scotia and explained why his claim was late as per the above.

CLICK ON PHOTO TO SEE A LARGER VERSION

Boone Memorial pg 3

Boone Memorial pg 1Boone Memorial pg 2

(GRANT BOOK DATABASE)
BOONE, WILLIAM
Volume: A, page 198, Grant number 98
Original province of registration: Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia registration date: 1784/06/14
New Brunswick registration date: 1785/01/20
Accompanying plan: No
Acreage: 200 acres
Place and County: GAGE TOWNSHIP OF, Sunbury County

Boone land grant page 1

A number of land transactions are recorded in Sunbury County, the site where they initially settled, before removing to Burtt’s Corner in York County.

land indexes Sunbury

boon york

William and Ruth are buried in the Burtts Corner Community Cemetery in the Baptist Cemetery section.

cem 10415691_1467395270166064_6980391855902999478_n boon grave

Extract from Boone’s will:

BOONE, William
Parish of Douglas, York Co., Yeoman. Will dated 22 April 1826. Proved 8
June 1829.

He asks first for a decent Christian burial.

He leaves his dearly beloved wife, Ruth, fifteen pounds annually until her death, in lieu of her thirds; bed, bedding, furniture, half a dozen silver tea spoons and “a small room in my house and to be found with fire wood cut suitable length for the fire place Winter and Summer”.

He leaves to his beloved son, Henry, a lot of land bought from Jacob Knai.  To his beloved son, George “my homestead of this my farm” and land, which he describes. Both sons are named executors.

He leaves five shillings each to to his well beloved Samuel [he does not call Samuel “son”; this may be a transcription error], beloved sons William and James Boone; and three pounds each to his well beloved daughters Mary Jones, Lucy Estey, Elizabeth Lawrence, Ann Haines and Hannah Coggeshall.

It is further understood that all household goods which have not been given to Ruth, my well beloved wife, I bequeath to my beloved son George Boone, each and every one of those my children freely to be possessed and enjoyed.

Witnesses: Joshua Stone, Samuel Boone, Thomas White

boone map

boone map #2

record-image_TH-267-11108-80824-53

record-image_TH-267-11108-80820-73

record-image_TH-267-11108-80659-32

%d bloggers like this: