Posts Tagged ‘Wales’

Humphrey’s Hughes’ Claim to Millions!

One of my brick walls is my 2nd g-grandfather John Hughes.  When he married Kittie (Katherine) E. Perry, daughter of George Perry and Ann Jones (who were Welsh and of Rome, NY) in June 1880, the newspaper lists Hughes as being of Ilion, Herkimer, New York. Ilion was a small section of German Flatts.

John Hughes

Kitty marriage.png

On 18 Feb 1889 Kittie married second Frank Clough of Bath, NH in Frankfort, NY.

The listing from the 1889 village directory shows Humphrey L. Hughes as a boarder at the home of Frank Clough, 129 Main Street, Frankfort.  In the 1891 directory this same man is living at 26 Main Street and is a “car inspector.” He is also listed in the 1892 State Census as a “car builder”.


A memorial book created by Kittie’s niece Annabelle Palmer (daughter of Kittie’s sister Cordelia b. 1885) has three entries – her father, a brother who died at age 16 and Humphrey who died when she was ten.  This leads me to believe that Humphrey was related.  Is there a tie to John or another of my ancestors?  Hughes was a common Welsh name in the area.

Humphrey mass card

Humphrey was born in Tremeirchion, Flintshire, Wales about 1846. His baptismal record has not been located.

He does not appear in Herkimer County in the 1850, 1860 or 1870 federal censuses or in the 1855 or 1865 New York State censuses which leads me to believe that he is not a native of the county. There is a Humphrey Hughes (no middle initial) listed in Little Falls in the 1880 census as “single” and a “hostler,” but it is impossible to know if this is the same man.

He was injured at work in January 1895, died 29 March 1895 in Utica, New York and is buried in Floyd, New York.

humphrey injury

humphrey death notice

Also buried at Floyd Cemetery:

Hughes, Elizabeth, d. 25 Aug 1898, age: 66yrs, wife of Edward Hughes
Hughs, Edward, d. 21 Nov 1894, age: 80yrs

A death notice from the Ilion Citizen  (5 April 1895) reads:

“Alleged Heir To Millions – It is claimed that Humphrey Hughes, who died Wednesday, was a nephew of Blythe, the California millionaire. Hughes was a railroad workman, and spent considerable money attempting to prove his claim the Blythe millions. Hughes’ death was a result of an accident about a year. ago.”

Another obituary from the Little Falls “Evening Times,” 4 April 1895:

“Humphrey Hughes died at the residence of his sister in Utica Monday morning. He was born in Tremerchion, Flintshire, Wales, 49 years ago and came to this country about 20 years ago. …”

ny times

It appears Humphrey never married.  He left his assets to George Twill, relation unknown.

Humphrey’s living relatives seemed to be: Maria Jones (aka Mrs David J Jones) of Utica, Elizabeth Roberts of Romeo St. Kirkdale, Liverpool, England and John Hughes of Detroit Michigan and perhaps two other brothers. Could John Hughes of Detroit be my gg-grandfather???

humphrey obit.jpg

Heirs Humphrey Hughes.png

probate Humphrey Hughes pg2

probate Humphrey Hughes

But what about the millions?

The Thomas Blythe case was well documented Nationwide and in Europe I have read a few hundred newspaper articles seeking a connection between Humphrey Hughes and Blythe, finding none.

There are many versions of the story, one follows:

Blythe came to California in 1848/9 from Wales. In 1850/1, through the purchase of two quitclaim deeds for the total price of slightly over $2,000, he had acquired a triangular-shaped, block sized parcel of real estate located amid the sand dunes in the northeastern portion of the San Francisco peninsula. This area afterward became the heart of downtown San Francisco and this single piece of property, which came to be known as the Blythe Block and which was bounded by Market, Geary, and Grant (then Dupont) streets, made Blythe a millionaire.

Blythe went on to invest in other properties and companies. He died in 1883.

Blythe’s estate, exclusive of the Mexican holdings, was worth between $2,000,000 and $3,000,000. Although Blythe’s attorney, W. H. H. Hart, claimed that Blythe had made a will, and produced an office copy to prove it, no legally admissible will was ever found.

Nearly two hundred aspirant heirs from various parts of the United States and the United Kingdom filed their claims with the San Francisco probate court.

Another reads:

On the evening of April 4, 1883, the person whose name heads this article died in the city of San Francisco, leaving an estate at that time worth at least $6,000,000, and which said estate has increased in value until it is now worth at least $20,000,000.

At the time of his death little was known of the millionaire Blythe, except that he was the sole owner of that splendid property on Market street in San Francisco, comprising all of the block of land and building bounded by Market, Grant avenue and Geary street; and being now the best block of real property in the city of San Francisco, and, perhaps, the very best upon the American continent, from the fact that its position in the city of San Francisco makes it the key to the entire business portion of the city.

Mr. Blythe had so lived that none of his most intimate friends seemed at that time to know much about him, or who, or where, his kinspeople, if he had any, lived. Having left no wife or family, and dying intestate, it was for a time the all absorbing topic of the community as to what disposition would be made of his vast fortune.

The case was finally resolved in 1897 when Blythe’s illegitimate daughter, Mrs. Florence Hinkley, was determined to be sole heir of the fortune!

The article states:

The case of ” Tom” Blythe, thus settled, Is historic. Blythe was an eccentric old Welshman, over whose millions his relatives, real and imaginary, have quarreled in the courts for twelve years….

Blythe’s real name was not Blythe at all, but Thomas Williams. Blythe came to America from Wales In 1848, when he was 21 years old…..

Blythe went on a visit to Europe In 1873. Hle dressed shabbily, but he gave champagne suppers Ad libitum. One day he met Julia Perry….

Blythe left Julia and returned to San Francisco, and in December 1873, he received a letter from Julia Perry in London announcing that a daughter had been born to him and that she had been named Florence. In response Blythe sent her a draft and a friendly letter. When Florence was 3 years old her mother married a London man named Asheroft, a drunk.

It Is not known that Blythe ever knew of the of Asheroft. Up to the time of his death he and Julia Ashcroft wrote to each other as man and wife might have done, and the little girl, Florence, also received numerous letters from her father, many of which were preserved and have been the most important of all the evidence In the twelve years’ litigation.

In these letters Blythe displayed great affection for the little girl he had never seen. He referred to her as his darling child, and promised to educate her.


Although the millions were awarded to Blythe’s illegitimate daughter, the Williams family made a good case that Blythe was actually Thomas Henry Williams, one of five children born to John Williams and Elizabeth Savage, about 1822, in Mold, Flintshire, Wales (about 13 miles from Humphrey Hughes’ reported birthplace).  Siblings included  John, Elizabeth Powell and Sarah Roberts.

map flintshire


thomas williams birth

blythe welsh

williams claimants

It seems that all court records related to this case were destroyed by the San Francisco earthquake. CA Supreme Court record on the case:

I am posting with hopes that someone reading knows more of Humphrey, his family, relationship to Blythe and perhaps his connection to my family!

UPDATE May 2017: My Uncle has a Hughes DNA match (56 cM) to a descendant of Edward Hughes born abt 1813 in Dymeirchion (aka Tremeirchion), Flintshire, Wales [also birthplace of Humphrey], died November 1894, Floyd, Oneida, New York [Edward and Humphrey are buried together at Floyd Cemetery]. The tester comes through Edward’s son James and thus would be a half 3rd cousin to my uncle. Although one DNA match won’t “prove” a relationship, 56 cM is about what would be expected for this relationship.  I have built out the tester’s tree and no other relationships seems plausible.  At the moment, the two have no other shared matches.

Edward Hughes death.jpgHumphrey was likely the son of Edward (as noted previously Edward, his wife Elizabeth and Humphrey are the only Hugheses recorded as being buried at Floyd Cemetery).

Another son of Edward was William. His obituary names living siblings:  Maria, Elizabeth, Edward, Reuben, John, Robert & James!   “John of Buffalo” could be my gg-grandfather!!

Edward was married at least twice, thus some of these children may have had different mothers.  Birth/marriage records for Dymeirchion (aka Tremeirchion) for this time frame are not currently online, microfilm is available at the archives in Wales (unfortunately there are no copies at the FHL).  A researcher will be hired to locate these records.

William Hughes death.png

UPDATE December 2017: The same cousin who holds Annabelle Palmer’s memorial book (mentioned above), recently came upon a family scrapbook in his collection.  Inside is the obituary of John D. Hughes dated 1904.  John’s siblings are named as Mrs. David Jones [Maria] of Utica, Mrs. Mary E. Roberts of Liverpool, England & half brother James of Whitestown.  His first job was in Illion (the residence of the John Hughes who married Kitty Perry).  John is likely Humphrey’s brother and father to my great-grandmother Georgiana!

A number of descendants of John’s sister, Elizabeth Roberts of Liverpool, have online trees at Ancestry.  I have hopes that one or more of them will consider an AncestryDNA test to help prove/disprove my relationship to John (I am also seeking descendants of John’s other siblings!). If you are related to this family, and reading this, please email me 🙂

John Hughes.jpg

And if the newspapers are correct, Blythe might be my 1st cousin 5x removed!!

Blythe rel

UPDATE March 2018: Last month, a descendant of John and Humphrey’s sister, “Mary E. Roberts, of Liverpool” agreed to take a DNA test.  His results are in, and we are a match!! With two matches, one who descends from the only sibling who remained in Wales (and whose family still resides there), coupled with documentary evidence, I am highly confident that Georgianna’s father has been  found!!!!

Roberts match

52 Ancestors, Week #24, Jane Catherine Roberts of Llanfairfechan

No Story Too Small has issued a New Year’s Challenge: “Have one blog post each week devoted to a specific ancestor. It could be a story, a biography, a photograph, an outline of a research problem — anything that focuses on one ancestor.”


Jane Catherine Roberts is my 2nd g-grandmother.  My paternal grandmother, Nana Hall’s, maternal grandmother.

Photographer Hastings, of the Tremont Street Studio, was succeeded in 1896. The photo was likely taken between Jane’s Boston arrival (between Sept 1883 and Oct 1885) and 1895. Perhaps in 1886 when she married.


house Jane’s story begins in the village of Llanfairfechan, Caernarvonshire, Wales…..  474c3cc4-227e-4b30-91bc-26a73dc95c30

John Bartholomew, Gazetteer of the British Isles (1887) describes Llanfairfechan (Click to hear pronunciation) as a “small town and par[ish] with r[ailwa]y sta., Carnarvonshire, 7¾ miles SW. of Conway, 4255 ac. land and 2266 water, is a pleasant watering-place at the foot of Penmaenmawr Mountain, occupies a wooded and well-sheltered situation, and commands a charming seaward view”.

Rolling hills and mountains are covered in summer with glorious purple heather and the yellow flowers of the gorse bushes.  The Penmaenmawr granite quarry (once a major employer) is towards the east; the Garreg Farwt (Big Rock) stands 1150 feet high, and looks over the village. Although a beautiful place, the roads leading to Llanfair back in the day were riddled with thieves and dangerous for travelers. The winters are long and harsh; other seasons bring frequent rain.  Fall was spent collecting wood and peat for the fire.  There was beer making and Sunday cock fights in the sandpits. Most families owned a few farm animals.

map2   Untitled Jane’s Paternal Grandparents

On 11 Feb 1826 Jane’s paternal grandparents, William Roberts, of a Llanfairfechan home called Caehaidd (meaning barley field or field of barley), and Mary Lloyd  married.


Their son (Jane Catherine’s father) Robert Robert’s was baptized 30 August 1929; daughter Grace was baptized 19 May 1833.

dad Roberts Roberts birth

Grace Roberts birth

In 1841 Jane’s eleven year old father, Robert, was enumerated at Caehaidd with his father (a farmer), mother and eight year old sister Grace.

. 1841 census


On the Llanfairfechan Tithe Apportionment of 1847 a property named Caehaidd was a smallholding of about 17 Acres of arable land (land plowed or tilled regularly, generally under a system of crop rotation) owned by Henry Ellis and occupied by William Roberts and payable to the rector was £4.16 shillings (I think this was per annum) the rector in those days was also a rate and rent collector. By 1851 a 22 year old Robert was still residing  in Caehaidd with his parents, sister Grace’s whereabouts are unknown.

In 2012 the property was sold.  The real estate description reads: “The property occupies an elevated position with fine views of the open countryside, open sea, Ynys Môn, Puffin Island and The Great Orme. An inspection of the site is essential in order to appreciate the location and views. The boundary plan can be found on the rear page and the upland grazing area is set over 9 paddocks with stone boundary walls and a wooded area. A stream runs to the west side of the land. The access lane is worn, eroded and only suitable for four wheel drive vehicles at present”.

Go along the A55 West bound carriageway and exit at the second exit for Llanfairfechan, junction 14. Take the next right hand turn and before passing back over the A55, take a left turn into Gwyllt Road. Follow this road around to the left and continue up the hill to Gwyllt Cottages. Take the next right and come back on yourself.


Rough mountain road up to Cahaidd in ditch on the right (facing) is a small stream where the family carried water from (photo 2013).


Cahaidd ruins with the mountain Garrag Fawr (Large Rock ) behind it (photo 2013).   8a8de035-abd7-4a60-8af3-37e51fa0e82d


A close up of Caehaidd ruins (photos 2015).

Cae haidd

Cae haidd2

William, Mary and son Robert are buried in the church yard cemetery of Santes Mair (Saint Mary) Parish Church (closed now and is privately owned).

William died an accidental death, falling over the rock, at Garth Point, in the darkness.

William Roberts death


In memory of Mary wife of William Roberts Cae Haidd who died January 15th 1854 aged 62. Also the above W. Roberts died January 7th 1855 aged 58. Also their son Robert Roberts who died February 4th 1888 aged 58. 926dca0d-f112-4ae2-a89e-5daa3f316121


Mary Roberts death2


William Roberts death2

Jane’s Maternal Grandparents

On 18 April 1821 Jane’s maternal grandparents, David Roberts (born Gyffyn, North Wales) and Anne Roberts married. They resided in a home called Llwynysgolog in Llanfairfechan. e4fe80cc-5438-45e4-ae03-366620ce0c95

Photos of Llwynysgolog 2013 (area where the old stable stood) fdc1a967-d2a2-4211-9779-ff80866e6091 1b34582d-c575-4614-8779-8ec309e11cd7 fa1c72c7-7cc7-407b-8a2d-862b9db390ba

They had four known children: Mary, Anne, Jane  [Jane’s mother] & William.

Jane’s mom Jane’s baptism 17 June 1832.

mom Jane Roberts birth

David, a farmer, died at age 47 and was buried on 22 May 1834.  He named all four of his young children in his will [subject of a future post].



death d roberts

His widow Anne married second David Evans on 9 May 1835. They had at least two children: Martha b. 1836 and Catherine b. 1841.


The family was enumerated in 1841 and 1851 at Llwynysgolog. Jane’s mother Jane was only included with the family in 1851 (age 18), her whereabouts in 1841 are unknown. Jane’s mother Jane lost her two sisters in 1843.  Seventeen year old Anne was buried in March and nineteen year old Mary in April.

In 1851 there were 809 people living in 182 dwellings in Llaifairfechan (up from 470 residents in 1801).


Jane’s grandmother, Anne, died 4 Jan 1861. Anne death

Jane’s step-grandfather, James Evans moved in with her family at Caehaidd, where he died, at age 75, in May 1867 when Jane was about age 5.

David Evans death2

Jane’s Parents

Llanfairfechan in the mid 1850s was small, poor and insignificant. The early nineteenth century tourist guide books described the mountains of Penmaenmawr and Aber with its water falls and its historical association with the medieval welsh princes at length. People living in Llanfairfechan never dreamt that soon great changes would be taking place in their parish.

Llanfairfechan was to be almost completely transformed.  Between 1851 and 1861, the population in Llanfairfechan grew by almost 400 to 1,199 villagers. The building of the railway in 1845 made the town more accessible, although it didn’t stop at Llanfairfechan at first, but at neighboring Aber. In Aug 1856, one of the biggest Llanfairfechan landlords, the Bulkeleys, sold parts of the Baron Hill Estates, land they had held for over two and a half centuries.  This allowed a number of ordinary locals to buy their own property and build bigger and impressive granite homes and cottages, replacing the whitewashed cottages that had stood for many years.

In 1857, John Platt turned his attention to North Wales and decided upon making Llanfairfechan his country seat. John Platt, a wealthy man, purchased the partially built and derelict mansion of Bryn-y-Neuadd and the 150 acres of land belonging to it. Soon things began to hum. In 1860 Platt demanded the building of a railway station for Llanfairfechan on his land so that he could travel to London conveniently. He then built Station Road on his land, and Richard Luck built Village Road. Until then, the main thoroughfare was a lane between The Village Inn and The Castle public houses. New shops were constructed and the economy prospered, with the tiny village becoming a popular tourist resort.

During this period of growth, Robert Roberts, son of William Roberts of Caehaidd and Mary Lloyd (deceased)  and Jane Roberts, daughter of David Roberts (deceased) and Anne Roberts of Llwynysgolog married on Saturday, 3 June 1854. Robert was a Quarryman. The quarry was run by “The Penmaenmawr & Welsh Granite Co.” The granite was lowered from the quarry by self-acting inclines to the 3 ft (914 mm) gauge tramway which ran to jetties, from where the setts were loaded into ships. The standard gauge Chester to Holyhead railway reached Penmaenmawr in 1848, after which the majority of the quarry output was sent by rail. marriage par The couple lived at Caehaidd and had four known children. Robert became a farmer of 20-30 acres (which he rented). My ancestor, Jane Catherine was the third known child.  Siblings included Maryanne, Grace and Margaret “Maggie”. Jane’s baptism record has not been located but the records of her siblings along with census records places her birth about 1862/3.

births census The newspapers give us a small glimpse of their lives:

In 1865, one of Roberts’ employees was stabbed.


In 1867, a “wild woman” was captured near the family home. caihadd wild woman

wild woman

In 1868, Robert Roberts won 1st place at the Llanfairfechan horticultural show for his “dish of honey in a comb not less than 6 pounds”.


In 1869, his honey took 2nd place.

show 1869

Llanfairfechan 1871


In 1878 a man was charged poaching on the property, note that the property was still owned by Ellis and Jane’s brother-in-law, a gamekeeper from England named Edmund Warrener was involved.

rabbit shooting

By 1881, Jane’s sister Grace had married Edmund Warrener and had a daughter Jane.


In 1881, there is a Jane C. Roberts working as a servant in Lancashire, England on 1 Stockton Range for the family of  George F. Freeman (a Metal Merchant employing 17 men 2 boys).  She was born in Llanfairfechan and is of the right age, it is possible that this is our Jane, as she is not found in Wales [note that Jane Roberts is a common name]. possible Jane

In August 1886, Caehaidd was up for auction. The land was described as 18 acres of fertile arable [fit for cultivation] and grazing land with house and outbuildings.  It is most charming, being well sheltered and commanding magnificent views of the surrounding scenery.


On 8 Feb 1888, Jane’s father Robert, age 58, died. His obituary lists him as a farmer and for many years the director of the Llanfairfechan waterworks. His funeral “was the largest ever seen” in the parish; he was buried with his parents in the church yard cemetery of Santes Mair (Saint Mary) Parish Church [photo above]. robert death   Robert Roberts death

Click to read more of the Llanfairfechan waterworks (column 1 & 2). Sometime between Sept 1883 and Oct 1885 Jane’s sister Grace and her husband Edmund with their children moved to Boston, Massachusetts [based on their children’s birth dates/places, Grace’s obituary and their son Robert’s Naturalization].  Edmund became a Mason and in 1886 they resided at 6 Wilbur Ct., East Boston, Massachusetts [Jane’s future husband Edwin Lansil, left East Boston for Dorchester in 1882; it is unknown how they met]. Our Jane Catherine and her sister Margaret joined them.  Ship records have not been located, it is unknown if they traveled together. One of Edmund/Grace’s sons naturalized but does not know his date of arrival or the vessel name.

A pregnant Jane married Edwin Lansil, 25 years her senior,  in 1886, which kept her in Boston.


Her two sisters moved to the Chicago area before 1889.  There, Margaret married John Williams.  Grace died during childbirth in 1897 and Margaret helped to raise some of her children. More on what is known of Grace’s family: Grace Warrener death

Jane’s single sister, Mary Ann, remained in Llainfairfechan with her mother Jane.  In 1891, the Llanfairfechan census listed Cahaidd as “vacant”.  Jane and Mary Ann had moved to the Village where Jane was a lodging house keeper at Min y Don and Mary Ann a dressmaker.

A blog post detailing Edwin’s life gives additional family details: Click for Edwin Lansil. In summary, Jane went on to have five children – Frances Mae “Fanny”, b. 1887; Edith Bernice, b. 1888; Florence Paine, b. 1890; Edwin Roberts, b. 1894 and Doris, b. 1899.  Only Fanny, Edith and Doris lived to adulthood.









Jane was admitted to the Boston Insane Hospital July 26, 1897 (a few years before the birth of Doris) and discharged 22 February 1898. he length of stay is unknown. She was likely depressed and suicidal.

Jane’s husband, Edwin, died 11 Jul 1904 (after being admitted to the Boston Insane Hospital on 20 Nov 1903,  through probate court, according to the asylum intake records) leaving her with children aged 17, 16 and 5.

Soon after her  placement of Edwin in the insane asylum, advertisements appeared – “rooms for rent”, perhaps run by Jane Catherine who was likely in need of some form of income. The home was described as “a three-apartment frame house, stable and 4,800 square feet of land”  the rental as “4 large, nicely furnished rooms, with or without stable, high land, good location, large yard, with fruit trees, near electric and steam cars, rent reasonable”



lansil house

In May 1905, a widowed Jane Catherine (Roberts) Lansil returned to Wales to accompany her mother, now with defective vision and a corneal ulcer, on the SS Saxonia sailing from Liverpool and arriving in Boston 9 May (her mother claimed to have been in Boston previously in 1894 and 1897 – 1897 was the year her daughter Grace died and also when Jane Catherine was first admitted to the insane asylum). Jane (Roberts) Roberts is listed as a widow and mother of two children – her daughter, Mary Ann’s, death record has not been located, but she is presumed deceased (indexes do list a Mary Ann Roberts of the correct age, who died in Conway, 7¾ miles from Llanfairfechan, in April -June 1905).

. ship


Mary Ann death

On 23 March 1907, a 44 year old Jane Catherine (Roberts) Lansil, was committed to the Boston Insane Hospital, through probate court (according to the asylum intake records), where she presumably resided until her death 30 May 1932. The 1932 Annual Report of the hospital claims only nine patients (5%) who had been in residence for greater than 10 years.

Jane Catherine
Application for the Commitment for the Insane:
23 March 1907

White female, age 44, born Wales, occupation: housework

She had one previous attack, the present attack began 2 weeks ago.

She was at the Boston Ins. Hospital July 26, 1897 [does not specify if this is an admittance or discharge date].

The present attack was gradual; her bodily condition is fair. It is unknown if she has had previous physical injuries. The patient is “cleanly in dress and personal habits”.  She is depressed, deluded, possibly suicidal. There is no prior known family history of insanity.  Her liquor, tobacco and opium habits are “good”.

Nearest relative: Daughter, Mrs. Edward J. Thompson, Hiawatha Road, Mattapan

Medical Certificate of Insanity: 
23 March 1907
The patient said: “I feel alright. I feel as well as I ever did. I thought people had been stealing from me. To-day is Wednesday.  I don’t play cards – no need of it. I don’t want you to feel my pulse! I ____ there is no need of ____” [couldn’t read a few words].

The patient: Sat in chair; resisted being examined, hesitated in answering questions, and some questions would not answer at all. 

Her appearance and manner was: dull and confused. Untidy in appearance. Appears just as she did when insane before. 

Other facts: She was insane and a patient at Boston Insane Hospital in 1897. Since last August she has imagined people stealing from her. She was depressed and irritable. Has become worse the past few days. Is dull, confused, talks out of the window to people on the street. Sings at times and expresses various incoherent delusions. Obstinate and hard to manage.

1907 Map (Austin Farm housed the women), Productive work, exercise, and time spent out-of-doors were important parts of the “moral treatment” of mental illness.


She was enumerated there in 1910, 1920 and 1930. She was however listed in several city directories, so perhaps she was an out-patient of the institution in earlier years (the asylum intake records do not record any evidence of this in the comment field).


Interior of a ward in the Department for Women at the Boston Insane Hospital. Some nurses and patients are visible. Photograph taken in 1900, seven years prior to Jane’s admittance.


By 1907, daughters Edith and Fanny had married.  Fanny took in, and raised, her youngest sister, Doris.

Jane’s son in law, Edith husband, William John Haines, sold the homestead on 101 Maxwell Street in 1907, soon after the birth of his first child, Jane’s granddaughter, Edith Anna Haines. There is no evidence of the home being transferred or sold to him and the 1907 sewer assessment was in Edwin’s name.

sewer assessment

In 1913/14 Jane Lansil is listed as a boarder at 63 Hiawatha Road, Mattapan (Boston) – the same address as her son in law Edward J. Thompson.  In 1915-7 she is listed at 79 Rosewood, Mattapan – the same address as her brother in law Walter Lansil. Her name is not listed after 1917 in the Boston area.

Jane (Roberts) Roberts was sent to Chicago to live with her daughter Margaret about 1907.  Margaret’s daughter writes on 28 Aug 1977 to my Aunt Natalie:

” My grandmother made her home with your [great] grandma Jane Lansil when she came from Wales but after awhile after Jane L passed away (I believe it was Frances) wrote and said they could no longer care for a blind old lady and they were thinking of putting her in the Poor house [editor’s note: Jane Lansil was in an insane asylum, not deceased]. I believe they meant an institution for the elderly but run by the city or state – so my father said “that will never be – we are poor but we will share what we have” so he went to Mass. And brought Grandmother back. I loved her very much and was sympathetic toward her. She passed away in her sleep at Rome and we buried her in our cemetery plot in Hillside, Ill. A suburb of Chicago” [she died 12 Mar 1912].

Little more is known of Jane Catherine (Roberts) Lansil’s final 25 years. Sadly in Massachusetts, insane asylum records are forever sealed.  We may never know how Jane spent her last 25 years [in the event they are opened to future generations, her last form number is 5116 and registered number 8471 – FHL film 2108120 Items 5 – 6 include Register 1, 1855-1907 Register 2, 1907 [Boston, Massachusetts].


In 1910, she was with 777 others:

boston state hospital


Superintendents and staff were proud of the Dorchester facilities and generally welcomed the public. Often, model patients would be allowed to congregate around visiting areas so that visitors would get a positive impression of the facility. The best wards were usually the easiest to get to, for the same reason. What were often called “back wards” were for the more difficult patients, and casual visitors seldom went there. These policies usually worked, and most visitors were favorably impressed.

A sampling of information in the Boston Insane Hospital’s annual reports (copies of which can be found on


insane asylum










Aunt Natalie does not recall ever meeting her grandmother Jane Catherine (Roberts) Lansil, but does recall that her mother Edith Bernice missed  her sister Doris Haines high school graduation in early June 1932 to attend her grandmother’s funeral.

Her death certificate gives a last residence of the long ago sold 101 Maxwell Street home, indicating that she was perhaps admitted around the time of it’s 1907 sale.  She left no known assets.  There was no will or probate filed. Cause of death was lobar pneumonia, her underlying diagnosis was dementia praecox (a “premature dementia” or “precocious madness”) refers to a chronic, deteriorating psychotic disorder characterized by rapid cognitive disintegration, usually beginning in the late teens or early adulthood, a specific disease concept that implied incurable, inexplicable madness. A condition that would eventually be reframed into a substantially different disease concepts and relabeled as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder or other types of mood disorders including clinical depression [Wikipedia].



68 year old Jane Catherine Lansil was buried at Cedar Grove, Dorchester, Maple Lot, Section 21, Lot 1483, Row H.  The lot was purchased 21 Feb 1891, there is only one marker, engraved with “Florence P. Lansil, age 9 months”, baby Florence was buried 22 Feb 1891  – the family may not have been able to afford engraving. According to cemetery records, a 10 day old Edwin R Lansil and Jane’s husband Edwin Lansil are also buried in the lot.


——————————————————————————————————————————————————- Sources: Llanfairfechan Baptisms, Marriages, Deaths –

Llanfairfechan Census data –

Photos of Caehadd, Llwynysgolog and graveyard and tithe schedule- Courtesy Margaret Roberts, Llanfairfechen 2013  

Welsh Newspapers Online Beta –

Additional reading – Through Thick and Thin, Family Tales and Village Life, Llanfairfechan & Days Gone By, People Places and Pictures of Llanfairfechan – both by Margaret Roberts.


52 Ancestors, week #22 – Kittie (Perry) Hughes/Clough/Shipman

No Story Too Small has issued a New Year’s Challenge: “Have one blog post each week devoted to a specific ancestor. It could be a story, a biography, a photograph, an outline of a research problem — anything that focuses on one ancestor.”

This week, I have documented what I know of the life of my 2nd g-grandmother, Katherine E. “Kittie”/”Kate” Perry.  She is my paternal grandfather’s, maternal grandmother.  Her father died when she was a young child and she went to work at a very young age.  She married three times.  Her first husband “disappeared” (unknown if due to death, divorce or abandonment) prior to her young daughter’s first birthday.  Her second husband abandoned her for another woman; and her third husband (a very fat man) may have had an affair (and baby) with his neighbor and employee, a cleaning lady with an alcohol addiction.  After her second marriage, Kittie left her only child, Georgianna, to be raised by her mother and sister Cordelia in New York while she removed to Massachusetts. Georgianna seemed to understand, saying that her mother had done the best that she could.  Kittie was sick often but took the time to visit and write to family. She contributed to her community and attended the local Episcopal church.

Kittie PerryKittie

kittie tree

Katherine E. “Kittie”/”Kate” Perry was born 12 October 1858 on the old Dominick Lynch Farm in East Rome, Oneida, New York—then known as Factory Village (near the Erie Canal) – to George Perry/Parry and Ann Jones.

Dominick Lynch

She was the second of four. Siblings included: Cordelia Jane (b. 1857), William C. (b. 1860) and George H. (b. 1862).  Her mother, Ann, immigrated in 1849, from Rhosneigr, Llanfaelog, Anglesey, Wales with her siblings and parents, Robert and Catherine (Owen) Jones, who, at the time of Kittie’s birth, owned a home about 6 miles away, at Floyd Hill, Camroden.  The origins of her father George Perry are unknown, but he was likely Welsh.

Previous blog posts detail the lives of her grandmother Catherine and her brothers, William and George (click on their name to see the posts).

The Perry’s were members of  the Welsh Presbyterian Church [no known church records survive] and lived on the Lynch farm (in the area of what is now 3rd street), where Kittie’s father George conducted a milk route from 1855 to 1862.

Only three miles away from Factory Village, the first successful cheese factory in the United States was built in 1851 by Jesse Williams, a farmer. His factory, opened in May of that year, was on the bank of the Black River Canal, four miles north of Rome, and was operated by water power. Originally the factory used the milk of the 65 dairy cows of the Williams herd and the milk from the cows of his son. Soon milk was purchased from neighboring farms, and “associated cheese manufacture” began. Was Kittie’s father George involved as a milk provider?  We can’t say, but it is certainly a possibility.

Around 28 Jan 1862, George died, leaving children aged three, two and one; he was in his early 30’s. Given that his widow was about five/six weeks pregnant (meaning he would have been present in Rome mid-December 1861) and there is no record found of Ann applying for a pension under Perry or Parry, his death was likely not related to the Civil War .

Lynch Farm

click on map to view larger version

In November of 1863, Ann and the children left the farm. Ann purchased a home on 507 E. Dominick Street, Rome (for $1 ?).  The lot size was 70×150 with a 12×20 home.  She subsequently bought adjoining lots 4 & 5, block 3  in Factory Village. One of the lots was purchased jointly with Ann Trainer, an Irish woman in her mid-60’s who lived with or next to the Perry’s in 1870 [their relationship is unknown; perhaps she helped Ann with the kids?].


Kittie likely received her early education in the brick school house in East Rome and then attended the Rome Free Academy (RFA) (her sister Cordelia is a confirmed graduate).  By age 16,  she took a job as a domestic, at Lynch Farm, a few doors away from her Dominick Street home, and resided there with Jane (James) and Meredith Pugh, a milk peddler, who served 150 customers twice daily (he took over the route in 1867).

Pugh 90th birthday

Entire article, Mrs. Pugh’s “90th Birthday Anniversary”, can be read here: Rome NY Daily Sentinel 1919 – 0050.pdf

Kittie’s grandfather, Robert Jones, passed away 11 Aug 1875, we don’t know what their relationship might have been.  The Floyd 1855, 1865 & 1875 New York censuses were destroyed, so there is no known record of  her grandparents in this time period.  By 1880, her grandmother Catherine was residing in Floyd with Ann’s sister, Kittie’s Aunt Elizabeth’s family.

Kittie’s mother Ann, [according to a court document dated 1902] married, on 1 May 1877,  James Evans,  an Iron Mill worker (about 10 years her junior), born in Madeley, Herefordshire, England, son of Edward Evans and Ann.

An article in the Oswego Daily Times, Jan 31 1876 indicates that Ann was possibly supporting the family by running a Boarding House (there were 3 “James Evans” living in Rome in 1875 – the others, both married, were listed as butcher and coal worker).  An excerpt is as follows:  “Upon her arrival there she inquired of the location of some private boarding house and was directed to one kept by Mrs. James Evans, on East Dominick street”

The 1876 boarder was pregnant; she gave birth to a child who later died by “foul play”.

boarding house

In the census taken 14 June 1880, Kittie, enumerated as “Kate Parry” was living on Elm Street, Ilion, Herkimer, New York working as a servant for Warren Ackler and family. Her mother, step-father and brothers were still together in Rome.  Her sister Cordelia had married Marcus Palmer of Stanwix, New York on 27 June 1877.  They purchased a home in Oriskany, New York on 28 September 1878 and were living there in 1880.

The 11 August 1880 edition of the Herkimer Democrat reports that on 4 Aug, Kitty Perry, of Rome, married John Hughes [parents unknown] of Ilion, at the residence of officiating clergyman Reverend Albert F. Lyle, in German Flatts [who was associated with the Presbyterian Church of Ilion].

There are many John Hughes/Hughs in Herkimer County around this time period.  Some have been ruled out as the age would not seem appropriate to be marrying a young woman around 1880.  There are potential John Hughes’ in the towns of Schuyler, Manehim, Little Falls, Ohio, Herkimer and German Flatts in Herkimer County, Deerfield in Oneida County and mention of one in New York City.

John and Kittie’s only known child, a daughter, Georgianna , was born on 13 Oct 1881.  A few months later, on 5 Jan 1882, Kittie’s sister Cordelia Palmer had a baby, whom she also named Georgianna, she was born at 6:30PM, died the next day at 4:15PM and is buried at Wright Intermittent Cemetery [why? is Georgianna a family name?].

By 1883, Kittie, likely with Georgianna, had moved back to Rome and was living with her mom, step-father and brothers on 99 E. Dominick Street.  It is unclear if Kittie was widowed or separated. No record of divorce was located in Herkimer County; Oneida’s only recorded divorces commence in the 1900’s and death records are spotty [the requirement to record births/marriages/deaths in New York was implemented in 1882 and in the early years many did not comply].

Publication Title: Rome, New York, City Directory, 1883
1883 directory

Sister Cordelia and Marcus had their second child, AnnaBelle b. 16 Feb 1885 reportedly in Rome.

Kittie’s mom and step-father relocated to Frankfort, New York about 1886. It is likely that Kittie, Georgianna, Cordelia, Marcus and AnnaBelle moved there as well.   Cordelia’s 3rd child, Katherine “Kittie” Mae was b. 16 Mar 1887 in Frankfort.

On 1 July 1887 Cordelia and Marcus stopped paying their Oriskany mortgage (in 1891 the home foreclosed and sold at auction).  Marcus Palmer died in Frankfort on 30 March 1888 [cause unknown], leaving Cordelia with two babies.

Marcus Palmer death

On 18 Feb 1889, in Frankfort, Kittie married second Frank D. Clough, a carpenter, born 11 Sept 1856 in Bath, New Hampshire, to Richard Clement Clough and Ellen C. Colburn.  The 1889 city directory lists him as a boarder at 129 Main Street – a man named Humphrey Hughes is listed as a boarder as well.  Soon after the marriage, Kittie and Frank relocated to Lowell, Massachusetts, leaving young Georgianna behind to be raised by Ann and James.  In that year’s city directory, James Evans is listed as “watchman, house at E. Frankfort”.

On 14 August 1889, Cordelia married second Charles Eugene Spoor, a widower, with a young son, Leland (b. 16 Apr 1886)  – his first wife, Annetta “Nettie” L Fort died of diphtheria in Feb 1888.

Around that time (before 1890), a family portrait was taken in front of the Frankfort homestead (address unknown). Georgianna is on the left with her aunt and cousins.  Kittie is not pictured, Ann and James are out front.  Some unknown folks are in the windows to the right. Sitting in the left window might be Cordelia’s second husband and his son.


left photo

Cordelia and Charles had another child, George Perry Spoor b. 7 Dec 1890. In 1891, they resided on 14 Church Street, Frankfort; Charles was listed as “foreman Railroad shops”.

About 1891, a portrait depicts Kittie’s mother, Ann with her 4 grandchildren and step-grandson. Kittie’s daughter Georgianna is the eldest standing in the rear.

all kids32fa15e8-2527-4425-bcfa-377b58f034de

The New York 1892 census shows James, Ann and Georgianna living in the 3rd election district. James is a blacksmith.

1892 census

The Spoors lived in the same district (a few census pages away – unfortunately addresses were not recorded).

1892 census cordelia

Cordelia’s 4th child, Gilbert James arrived 2 July 1893.

Meanwhile, Kittie’s 2nd husband Frank Clough appears to have abandoned Kittie and married another woman with whom he had two children. His whereabouts were unknown to Kittie. She filed for annulment, as he never divorced his first wife, of Bath.  A notice published in the Lowell Sun [Massachusetts] dated Saturday, 14 March 1896:



To the Honorable Justices of the Superior court within and for the County of Middlesex: Respectfully libels and represent Kittie E. Clough of Lowell. In said county, that she was married in form of law not in legal effect to Frank Clough now of Seattle, Wash., and there afterwards your libellant and the said Frank Clough lived together as husband and wife afterwards until she learned and was informed that said Frank Clough at the time he married your petitioner had another wife living from whom he was never divorced, thus rendering his marriage to your petitioner void. Wherefore your petitioner prays that, a decree be entered declaring said marriage between her and said Frank Clough null and void from the beginning.  Dated this first day of November A.D. 1895.  


Elizabeth Bouvier, Head of Archives, Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court, reported Kittie filed a libel #1706 at Middlesex County Superior Court in 1896, it was continued to Dec 27, 1897 and dismissed on call without prejudice, she checked the Indices up to 1910 and there is no further entry.


Read Frank Clough’s story here:

Although Kittie had moved, the family stayed close, exchanging letters and post cards frequently. Kittie Mae Palmer’s grandson, Sam (my dad’s 3rd cousin, has many letters and postcards in his collection inherited from Cordelia, Kittie and AnnaBelle). Additionally, several newspaper articles document some of their visits.

– The Utica Observer: Wednesday, Sept 4, 1895 W. C Perry, delivery window clerk at the post office, left yesterday afternoon on a bicycle trip of 275 miles to Lowell, Mass.

– Utica Morning Herald, August 24 1896: Miss Georgiana Hughes of Frankfort, who has been visiting her mother at Lowell, Mass., has returned, and accompanied by Miss Kittie May Palmer of Frankfort, is a guest of Mr. and Mrs. William C. Perry of 414 West Dominick Street [Rome].

– Rome Semi Weekly Citizen, September 1, 1896: Miss Georgianna Hughes of Lowell, Mass., and Miss Kittie A. Palmer of Frankfort, NY , are visiting their uncle, W. C. Perry, 414 West Dominick street.

On 03 Nov 1896, Kittie’s mother Ann died from shock and injures sustained from being pushed into the Erie Canal, by a team of horses, while walking with three of her grandchildren.


Some time between December 1896 and 1899, Kittie relocated to Lynn, Massachusetts and was residing with her future (third) husband  Franklin M. Shipman.  We don’t know how or when they met. The Lynn City Directory reads: Kittie E Clough, widow of Frank D, house 73 Centre and Frank Shipman machinist boards 73 Centre. (Kittie claims to be a widow, but in reality, she was still married to Frank D. Clough).


In 1900, Kittie is listed as head of household in a rented home, at 25 North Common Street, in Lynn. She has several boarders including Frank, a machinist, who was likely working for General Electric . The census confirms that she has given birth to only one child in her lifetime. She is listed as a widow (it was common to lie about marital status as divorce or abandonment was disgraceful).


Although not included in the census, 18 year old daughter, Georgianna,  in 1900, had relocated from New York (where she had likely been living with her aunt Cordelia) to live with her mother and Shipman, likely because Cordelia and her family had relocated to Galeton, Pennsylvania. She took a position as an operative in a Lynn shoe factory and suddenly begins to use the surname Clough instead of Hughes [Clough had abandoned Kittie and there was no known contact; it is possible that Georgianna used his surname as it was more “American”  than Hughes, which perhaps aided her in finding a job].


The three continued to reside at 25 North Common together for a few years.  Kittie, in early 1902,  divorced Clough, on the grounds of desertion, and married Shipman on Saturday, 4 October 1902; her third marriage and his first.  They were married by Reverend Herbert A. Manchester, Presbyterian Clergy.


The Shipman’s moved frequently and Franklin had many careers (see photos of city directories at the end of the blog about Frank – The threesome relocated to 108 South Common by 1903.

On 19 June 1904, Georgianna married Charles Milton Hall and moved to Malden, Massachusetts. About 6 months later, on 08 Dec 1904, Kittie’s first grandson, Charles George Hall (my grandfather) was born.

A few months later, on 17 Oct 1904, Kittie’s nephew, Cordelia’s young son George Perry Spoor (who seemed like an intelligent young man) died by accidental shooting. 

george spoor


Paper's notice of George Spoor's death (1)

By 1905, Kittie and Franklin, then a furniture dealer, resided on 740 Western Ave, Lynn. By 1907, he had started a restaurant at 979 Western Avenue, Lynn and lived next door. In early 1909, they resided at 63 North Common, Lynn. Later that year they moved to 93 Lafayette in Salem, where Shipman owned a lunch wagon, positioned on New Derby near Lafayette.

The 1910 census again places them on 93 Lafayette in Salem (Franklin still owns the lunch wagon).


Later that year, the city directory indicates that the Shipman’s moved back to Lynn.

In August 1911 The Utica NY Herald Dispatch reports: “Mrs. F. M. Shipman of Lynn, Mass and her daughter, Mrs. C. M. Hall, and son Charles of Malden, Mass[achusetts], are spending two weeks with Mrs. Shipman’s brother. W. C. Perry, 414 West Dominlck street, [Rome]”.


Between 1912 and 1915, the Shipmans purchased property; three adjoining lots, on Albion Street and Western Avenue, Lynn, where Frank also ran a restaurant.

Shipman land deeds


Kittie referred to her daughter Georgianna as “Georgie”.  She writes to her niece AnnaBell in 1912 about the “lovely dinner and good time” they had at Georgie’s over Christmas.


She seemed to write frequently, keeping in touch on Christmas, Easter and birthdays (interesting that she refers to her husband as “Mr. Shipman”):


On 02 Jan 1914, Kittie’s second grandson David Hall was born, but died in infancy.

On 26 May 1917 Kittie’s son-in-law Charles Milton Hall placed his father Ephraim Augustus Hall in Danvers State Hospital declaring him insane. The guardianship papers were witnessed by Ellen Nichols (Ephraim’s sister) & Kittie (indicating that Kittie had become close to her daughter Georgianna).

In the fall of 1918, Kittie spent a month in Rome, with her brother William, and upon her return to Lynn, became quite ill with influenza.


Kittie seemed to have recovered by Christmas 1918. She visited her daughter with Mr. Shipman and gave her grandson Charles “a Compass + Pedometer, two batteries, 4 books, $2.00.  See a copy of the letter, describing Christmas, here: (

In 1920, Franklin and Kittie were at the same address (living next door to four year old Eva Meyers, a heir to Franklin’s estate and perhaps a child he had out of wedlock).  They owned the property mortgage free, had eleven boarders and continued to run the restaurant (they resided in this same home until their deaths and Frank retired from the restaurant only a year before his passing).


Kittie wrote a letter to her niece Anabelle in early April 1921 inquiring of her sister’s health; Cordelia died several days later, on 15 April 1921 in Galeton, Pennsylvania.

Wednesday Morning

Dear AnnaBell and all I am wondering how your mother is this morning and I hope she is better. I am not so very well and I am getting so fat – and bloat – quite a pitter (?), I am taking Electric Treatments and I think they are doing me a lot of good. I hope I will get a letter today today that your mother is better. I suppose Kittie May is home now and that will help to make her feel better, write and let me know today – hoping to hear that mother is better – with love to all

Aunt Kit




cordelia death

In July/August 1922, Kittie again returned to Rome to visit her brother William and cousins Rev. and Mrs. Robert Roberts [son of Kittie’s Aunt Elizabeth (Mrs. Elias Roberts); her mother Ann’s sister].


Kittie died a few months later on 8 November 1922. He death was attributed to uremia (the illness accompanying kidney failure), chronic interstitial nephritis ( a disease which gradually causes kidney failure, nausea, vomiting, weight loss, fatigue, and anemia) and myocarditis (inflammation of the middle layer of the heart wall).



Her obituary, published 9 November 1922, in the Evening Lynn Items reads: Mrs. Kittie Shipman, age 63, wife of Franklin M. Shipman, died today after a long illness at her home, 921 Western avenue. Born in Rome, N. Y., Mrs. Shipman came to Lynn some 25 years ago. She was a member of St. Stephen’s church. Order of the Eastern Star of Salem and Women’s Relief corps of Lynn, and leaves, besides her husband, a daughter, Mrs. Georgianna Hall of  Malden; two brothers, William C. Perry of Rome, N. Y., and George Perry of Pennsylvania, and a grandson, Charles G. Hall of Malden.  

**According to Wikipedia: The Order of the Eastern Star is a Freemasonry related fraternal organization open to both men and women. It was established in 1850. The order is based on teachings from the bible but is open to people of all religious beliefs. Members of the Order are aged 18 and older; men must be Master Masons and women must have specific relationships with Masons.

**The Woman’s Relief Corps of Massachusetts honored the brave men of the Grand Army of the Republic.  It had a cause that appealed to the sympathy and patriotism of the women of Massachusetts: To assist members and their families in sickness and distress, and all needy and sick soldiers, sailors and marines, or the widows and orphans of deceased soldiers, sailors and marines ; to do all in our power to alleviate their distress, to further the interests of all subordinate Corps, and institute new Corps throughout the State. 


Kittie was buried in Wright Settlement Cemetery Rome (Oneida County) Oneida County New York, USA Plot: sect 3 near her parents. Her stone reads Birth: 1859 Death: 1922 Inscription: Kittie Perry wife of F. M. Shipman (she is buried alone, her husband was subsequently buried near his family).

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Kittie’s estate included a savings account with deposits of  about $1,250 (the jointly owned land/buildings were not listed).  She died without a will, but may have left verbal instructions.  After burial and probate expenses, 2/3’s was given to her daughter Georgianna and 1/3 to her husband Franklin.




Cheese production, Rome –

Source Citation: Year: 1860; Census Place: Rome Ward 1, Oneida, New York; Roll: M653_824; Page: 412; Image: 208. Source Information: 1860 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2004. Original data: United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Eighth Census of the United States, 1860. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1860. M653, 1,438 rolls.

Kittie’s brother William attended the brick school house in East Rome and sister Cordelia attended the Rome Free Academy (RFA), the assumption is that Kittie was given the same education.

On May 4, 1892, the house, 507 East Dominick Street, still owned by Mrs. Ann Evans of Frankfort and occupied by Thomas King, caught fire last evening about 8:30 from a defective stovepipe. The fire department was called out and extinguished the flames before much damage was done.

52 Ancestors, week #11 – The GOOD and The BAD, Catherine (Owen) Jones

No Story Too Small has issued a New Year’s Challenge: “Have one blog post each week devoted to a specific ancestor. It could be a story, a biography, a photograph, an outline of a research problem — anything that focuses on one ancestor.”

The “GOOD”, about writing stories, after years of research, is that you quickly find holes in your research. The “BAD”, about writing stories, after years of research, is that you quickly find holes in your research.

Now that we are in week #11, The”BAD” news is that I am finding it difficult to select an ancestor for whom I have a “story”.  The “GOOD” news is, this exercise is forcing me to become more methodical.  My typical research process involves me going to and searching for a particular ancestor. I look at the results in the “collection tab”.  I see a collection that reminds me of another ancestor.  I search that collection for ancestor #2 and find nothing.  I then think, “maybe will have something”.  I log in, and notice they have some new collections. One catches my interest, and reminds me of ancestor #3, I move to that collection.  In the process, my iPhone dings “I’ve got mail”, it is a message asking about today’s blog post, I stop everything and do some research on ancestor #4 to answer the question and so on….an endless cycle.  Next thing you know, I have searched for 20 ancestors in 20 places and have accomplished nothing.

This week, I will tell the story of Catherine Owen, a 4th g-grandmother (my paternal grandfather’s 2nd g-grandmother through his mother Georgianna) who was born in Anglesey, Wales and died in Oneida County, New York.  Sadly, I don’t know much about her. The GOOD part about today’s ancestor is that I have discovered several new things about her, one being that I likely had her paired with the wrong  parents and grandparents.  The BAD news is that I wasted an hour deleting the wrong family AGAIN (not to mention the hours I spent researching and adding the wrong family). Okay – enough “GOOD” and “BAD”!


In Sept 2012, reports: ” the Royal couple, Prince William and Kate Middleton, have been living in a rented farmhouse near Rhosneigr [in the Parish of Llanfaelog, Anglesey, Wales] for the past two years.  The hamlet, which has a population of 745, has a spectacular sandy beach with a cluster of cottages.  It has become a magnet for tourists as it has a reputation as one of the best spots in the UK for  both windsurfing and surfing”.

Rhosneigr, was the birthplace of Catherine Owen, likely in a home called Ty Bach.

Anglesey is a island in northwest Wales. It is separated from the mainland by the Menai Strait, a narrow stretch of water, and connected to the mainland by two bridges, the original Menai Suspension Bridge and the newer Britannia Bridge which carries the North Wales Coast Railway line.  With an area of 275 square miles, Anglesey is the largest Welsh island, and the fifth largest surrounding Britain.

A Topographical Dictionary of Wales
Samuel Lewis, 1833

LLANVAELOG (LLAN -VAELOG), a parish in the hundred of LLYVON, county of ANGLESEY, NORTH WALES, 6 miles (W. by S.) from Llangevni, containing 615 inhabitants. This parish is pleasantly situated on the bay of Carnarvon, which abounds with soles and turbot, of which considerable quantities are taken during the summer : the shore is rocky and difficult of access. The soil is generally good and in a state of cultivation. The living is a perpetual curacy, annexed to the rectory of Lhanbeulan, in the archdeaconry of Anglesey, and diocese of Bangor. The church, dedicated to St. Maelog, is a very ancient structure, supposed to have been built in the early part of the seventh century. There are places of worship. for Independents and for Calvinistic and Wesleyan Methodists. Several charitable donations and bequests have been made to the poor of this parish by various benefactors ; but many of them are host. Not far from the church, on an elevated spot of ground, is a large cromlech, consisting of five upright stones, supporting a large stone nearly in a horizontal position, about twelve feet long, beneath which is a small cell or cavity. The average annual expenditure for the support of the poor is £ 167. 11.

National Gazetteer (1868)

“LLANFAELOG, a parochial chapelry in the hundred of Llyfon, county Anglesey, 3 miles N. W. of Aberffraw, and 6 from Gwindy, its post town. The Ty Croyes station on the Chester and Holyhead railway is within a short distance of the village. It is situated N. of Carnarvon Bay, and includes the hamlet of Pengornisiog, Many of the inhabitants are engaged in the fishery. The living is a curacy annexed to the rectory* of Llanbeulan, in the diocese of Bangor. The church, dedicated to St. Maelog, is a modern structure, said to have been erected on the same spot as one built about the 7th century. The Calvinistic Methodists have a place of worship. There are charities of about £2 per annum. There are two cromlechs in this parish.”


Catherine was likely born to Owen Williams and Elizabeth, and baptized 20 September 1796 as Catherine Williams in Llanfaelog.  She became Catherine Owen.  Patronymics, a naming custom, involves a child taking his/her father’s first name as their second name. For example, Owen Williams’ father (and Catherine’s grandfather) was William Parri/Parry. Instead of taking his father’s surname and becoming Owen Parri/Parry (as is the custom in 2014), Owen took his father’s first name, William(s), as a second name and became Owen Williams. His daughter Catherine then took Owen as a second name and became Catherine Owen.  In earlier times, the Welsh would use “ap”  between the two names meaning “child of/son of”; this was later replaced by adding the genitive suffix “-s” to most second names.

Other than birth place and residence, little is known of Catherine’s early life.

Catherine married Robert Jones on 9 August 1824 in Llanfaelog.  He was born in nearby Aberffraw to John John Amram and Ann, his wife [possibly Roberts], and was baptized on 19 Nov 1796.  Catherine’s death notice claims that they were born on the same day, likely August/September 1796



It was likely a wedding celebration that lasted for three days, a tradition mentioned in the following article in the Rome, New York newspaper about another couple who immigrated from the same area.


Catherine and Robert had eight known children over 19 years: Ann (1825),  William (1827), John (1829), Elizabeth (1832), Owen Robert (1834), Margaret (1837), Ellin/Ellen (1839) and Jane/Jenny (1844), all who took the surname Jones. At least four of them were baptized at Bryn Du, Llanfaelog, in the Calvinistic Methodist Chapel. There was no Methodist Chapel in Rhosneigr until 1828.  Nearby Bryn Du Methodist Chapel was first built in 1795 and demolished in 1859 and it was likely Catherine’s childhood place of worship.



Above: Baptismal transcription for William , John, Elizabeth & Owen listing a residence of Pendref (Pen y dref/Pendre), Robert Jones’ occupation listed as laborer. Mother and children were born in Llanfaelog, father was born in Aberffraw.

Ann Jones baptism

Ellen Jones baptism

Above: Ann & Ellen’s baptisms listing a residence of Pendref (Pen y dref/Pendre). Robert Jones’ occupation listed as laborer in 1825 and farmer in 1839.

The Jones’ family lived in a home known as Pendref (Pen y dref/Pendre), also in Rhosneigr very close to Catherine’s birthplace. The first seven children were born there between 1825 and 1839 [the 8th child’s baptism has not been located – Jane/Jenny]. They are all included on the 1841 Welsh census.

1841 census

On the 1841 tithe schedule, two occupiers of part of Pendre are Robert Jones (presumably Catherine’s husband) and Owen Owens, on land owned by Reverend Evan Williams. An index of place names on the 1841 Ordnance Survey shows  a place called Pendre near Maelog Lake.

Ty Bach and Pendref on map


Visible on both pictures are the houses Cefn Dref (left) and Pen y dref (center)”. Pen y dref  is likely not the same home, but depicts the view and approximate location.


Catherine’s grandson Rev. Robert W. Roberts writes of his mother Elizabeth: “When my mother was about 12 years of age [1844], she became a domestic to help support the family. She often had to get up way before the day, to gather the sheep for milking; she too helped with the milking. The milk was made into butter, buttermilk and cottage cheese. I have often heard her relate how as a young girl, a neighbor was a world traveler and brought home from China a tea bush, mother took a branch from this and planted it near her home.”

Dale Burnell (no relation), shares some letters in his possession, written by farm families in Anglesey,  in that time period.

August 24 1846 “….It is quite good here at present, high prices for all kinds of animals” and good price for the oats, 22 shilling a peck and up – The barley and wheat quite a bit poorer, wheat 47s. a peck, barley 28s. a peck. There are very good wages to laborers, from 15 pence to 20 p. a day, and food, and they are hard to get for those wages. Harvest wages are 2 shillings a day and food. The harvest So far is quite wet and slow and smaller crop, one third less than last Year- The potato crop is worse than last years, they are as if they were going to leave the country altogether and they have failed in many neighboring countries. They are completely done for in many places and likely to fail everywhere soon. The railroad from Chester to Holyhead is going very fast, sane 17,000 men are working on it; the miners’ wages are 5 shilling 6 pence a day; laborers 2 s. 6 p. to 3 s. a day. There are 860 horses working. They are now building many houses in Holyhead; they are predicting it will be the largest town in Wales soon, everything there is on the increase. They are thinking of building new docks so ships from foreign lands can unload here instead of going to Liverpool and convey their goods on the railroad to every part of the Kingdom….”

“…I am glad to hear of your situation in America. You have mentioned that Dodgeville is one of the best places in America and You have mentioned the mines there. I would like to know about the wages and the nature of the work- You know about Our condition here ; which would be best for us all as a family to come over or not, and what would be the cost. David and his mother are quite enthusiastic about coming, and I am quite anxious to know the truth about the work, the wages, and the climate…”

January 13, 1850 “…We also here are all healthy as a family. We should all be thankful to the Lord for his care over us always. The cholera has killed its thousands this year in Wales and England. In Liverpool 13 thousand died of cholera, Manchester 11 thousand, London 140 thousand , and in Wales many thousands, and in Amlwch and Borth from 30 to 40, but it has now completely left us, and the consequence was that hundreds turned to religion in every denomination alike…it is very bad here at present, everything low in price and no demand. There are hundreds of cows in the fairs with nobody asking their price and so it is impossible to sell high, and everything else the same. The price of oats is 13 shillings a peck, barley from 22 to 23 s. a peck, wheat 38 s. a peck, butter 8 or 9 pence a pound, potatoes 8 p. a quarter. They go [sell] badly this year, same as last year. Beef 5p.a pound, live fat pigs 21 to 2 3/4 pence a pound. It’s very bad in the mountain, many working for 10 p. a day, others for 5p. a day, and many getting nothing. It is very difficult to live, and the farmers are complaining more than ever this year. The railway is running from Holyhead to Chester, but they have not finished the bridge. There are hundreds of people without work and so almost starving….”

Although we don’t know the exact reason why our family emigrated; in the 1840’s many left Europe due to deteriorating economic conditions, religious & political concerns and the effects of famine. Luring many, were letters arriving from friends and family already living in Oneida County, New York, reporting fertile and inexpensive land and freedom from tithes ( a mandatory tax paid to the local church in the form of goods such as crops or farm animals, or money, which until 1891 was the duty of the tenant, not the land owner).

Most Welsh farmers were tenants, including our Jones family.  The land system made it impossible to own the  land on which they worked, even if the farmer were frugal and saved enough money. Although farmers were offered long leases, which might give him the feeling of ownership, thus encouraging improvements, he lacked the satisfaction of ownership.

The Welsh potato crop failed in 1846.  In 1847, heavy snow, a late, cold spring and destructive summer thunderstorms resulted in poor harvests. By 1848/9, the Corn Laws had been repealed (trade laws designed to protect producers of any grain that requires grinding against competition from less expensive foreign imports), so despite a better harvest, the farmers gained little due to the lowered price of provisions, which also caused a reduction in the wages of farm workers. In the years following, the economy continued it’s decline and the Welsh emigrated to the United States in numbers larger than any other period (223,078 in 1850 as opposed to 5,551 in 1825).

The Jones family emigrated from Wales, likely by rail to Liverpool, where they departed on the ship Julia Howard, 19 June 1849. The journey was dangerous, quarters were tight, conditions unsanitary and food scarce. Many fellow travelers died en route.  They arrived in New York, 27 July 1849, and docked on the East River, Pier 20, with merchandise and about 270 passengers.

Julia Howard


ship manifest Julia Howard

ship manifest Julia Howard pg 2

Jones Passengers

Manifest # Name Age Country which they belong Country they intend to become inhabitants Notes on the Voyage
107 Robert Jones 52 Wales America Farmer
108 Catherine Jones 52 Wales America Female
109 John Jones 19 Wales America Farmer
110 Elis Jones 17 Wales America Female
111 Owen Jones 15 Wales America
112 Margaret Jones 12 Wales America Female
113 Ellen Jones 8 Wales America Female
114 Jenny Jones 4 Wales America Female
133 Mrs Jones 48 Wales America Female
134 David Jones 12 Wales America
135 Owen Jones 11 Wales America
136 Wm Jones 9 Wales America
137 Elias Jones 7 Wales America
137 Ann Jones 27 Wales America Female
139 Wm Jones 22 Wales America Farmer
140 Ann Jones 24 Wales America Female
141 Ann Jones 23 Wales America [can’t read]


Julia Howard 27 July arrivals

The New York Daily Tribune published 28 July 1849, describes the horrendous weather which welcomed them:

“The most sultry, dog dayish weather of the season yesterday with two or three April showers from about 2 o’clock till nearly sunset. At 7 o’clock a brisk rain commenced attended with thunder and lightening, which rapidly increased to a miniature deluge. The atmosphere was kindled up with flashes of lightening of extraordinary brilliancy, but the thunder, instead of doing its part by regular claps, scarcely got above a few growls. Between 11 and 12 o’clock the moon was doing her best to “conquer a peace” with the clouds but her pale and sickly look gave no sign of success. The temperature at that time was still oppressive and threatened to murder sleep.”


Although, there were few barriers to entering the United States, there was no immigrant depot (Castle Garden opened 1855 and Ellis Island in 1892), thus the dangers and hardships did not end on arrival. There was no central location to exchange money or buy tickets to their final destination.  They arrived during Irish Potato Famine, a time when immigrants in general encountered hostility. They may have lost money and possessions to thieves. Runners for forwarding agents and boarding houses took advantage of the immigrant’s ignorance of the ways of their new country.  The fraud became so rampant that in 1847, New York appointed a Commission to investigate.  They deduced that the conditions were far worse than reported, saying:

“As soon as a ship with these emigrants reaches our shores, it is boarded by a class of men called runners, either in the employment of boarding-house keepers or forwarding establishments, soliciting custom for their employers. In order the more successfully to enable the latter to gain the confidence of the emigrant, they usually employ those who can speak the same language with the emigrant. If they cannot succeed in any other way in getting possession and control over their prey, they proceed to take charge of their luggage and take it to some boarding house for safe-keeping, and generally under the assurance that they will charge nothing for carriage hire or storage. In this way they are induced to go to some emigrant boarding-house of which there are a great many in the city, and then too often under a pretense that they will charge but a small sum for meals or board, the keepers of these houses induce there people to stay a few days and when they come to leave usually charge them three or four times as much as they agreed or expected to pay, and exorbitant prices for storing their luggage, and in case of their inability to pay, their luggage is detained as security.” 

There were Welsh and British protective societies who worked to protect the immigrants and at times the officers on the vessel assisted them.  We don’t know if our ancestors encountered difficulties.

In 1849, New York’s appearance was quite different. The painting below, by Robert Bond, circa 1850, depicts Broadway looking north at Grand Street (a few miles from the waterfront).

NY 1850

NewYorkandBrooklyn1850sNew York & Brooklyn – circa 1850

Our Jones ancestors headed to upstate New York.  This map dated 1849  helps visualize the next leg of their journey; likely a canal boat from New York City to Utica then on to Oreskany.

Map to Utica

The journey in those days from New York to Utica was tedious and rough. Up the Hudson to Albany might take about eight days, if they were fortunate. If encumbered by a lot of baggage or delayed by bad weather or low water, it might take longer. From Albany they likely took a boat up the Mohawk River to Utica, then walked the nine miles to Oriskany.

The Jones family settled overlooking the Oriskany Creek near the area which became Summit Park, [according to family oral history] in the Village of Oriskany in Whitestown, Oneida, New York, home to many other Welch settlers. They likely knew others from their homeland who had settled there.

A year later, the 1850 census, places Robert, a laborer, and Catherine, both 53, and six of their children, Ann [my g-g-grandmother], Elizabeth, Owen, Margaret, Ellen and Jane/Jenny, in Whitestown (likely the Village of Oriskany).  Their son John (according to his obituary) was in nearby Whitesboro employed as coachman. Their son William’s whereabouts are unknown, but it is believed that he did immigrate with the family.

1850 census


By 1860, Robert and Catherine, both 64, had relocated to nearby Floyd Hill to the area of Camroden, a little hamlet situated about three miles north of Floyd Corners, near Holland Patent, where numbers of Welsh settlers located and gave it that name.  Until the late 1880’s, little English was spoken in this “village”, which at the time had its own store, 2 churches, a school house and a blacksmith shop.



Floyd Blacksmith Shop & General Store

Robert was a farm laborer with a net worth of $1,000 (average for the area), he did not own property. They resided on a farm in an area known as “rural area 4” [ Asa Reuben Grems owned the property by 1920],  likely on Old Floyd Road.  Robert may have been employed by his wealthy neighbor Col. David Moulton (assets and property valued at $100,000), a prominent citizen whose political influence gained him the sobriquet of “King of Floyd.” (according to his obituary).

1860 census

In 1865, Robert and Catherine, both 69 were still in Floyd. They now owned their land. Their frame house was valued at $150. The agricultural schedule tells us they had 14 improved acres, valued at $500.  They had $100 of stock and $25 of tools and implements.  One acre had been plowed, nine acres were pasture, four acres were meadow and they produced six tons of hay in 1864.  They planted potatoes and Indian corn (for grain); 1/4 acre each crop in 1864 (resulting in 50 bushels of potatoes and 10 Bushels corn) and 1/2 acre each in 1865. They had seven apple trees (which netted seven bushels of fruit in 1864). They owned one horse over two years old and four chickens.  One calf was born to them in 1865.  They had three milk cows and three butter cows in 1864 (netting 200 pounds of butter), just two each in 1865. They had slaughtered one pig in 1864 (which equated to 125 pounds of pork).

This census gives a bit of detail: both had only been married once, Catherine has given birth to seven children and Robert has become an American Citizen. Their 29 year old daughter, Margaret, resides with them.


robert Jone 1865 pg 2.jpg

robert Jone 1865 pg 3.jpg

By 1870, Robert (no longer working) and Catherine, both 74, owned a farm of about 20 acres and log home valued at $500 in Camroden, Floyd and had possessions valued at $1,000. They were living among Welsh farmers and were neighbors of Reverand John R. Griffiths [see census, and also map below],  pastor of the Welsh Congregational Church (likely their church).  Robert was a United States citizen with the right to vote.

1870 census

Camroden map

Robert JOnes Farm

Robert Jones died of “a cancer” (according to his wife’s death notice) 11 Aug 1875 in Floyd and is buried at Wright Settlement Cemetery, Rome, New York.

His tombstone reads: “GENEDIGOL OR BERFFRO, MON FU FARW AWST 11 1875 YN 78 MLWYDD OED” which translates to: “Born in Aberffraw, Anglesey, died August 11 1875, aged 78″

The top reads:”Am hyny by ddwch ch withau barod, canys yn yr awr ni thybioch y daw Mab y dyn”. Which translates to something like:”Therefore be ye also ready: for in such an hour as ye think not the Son of man cometh”. [Matthew 24:44]

The bottom writing is too faint to make out.

robert jones grave

His will written in 1871 reads:

I Robert Jones of the town of Floyd, County of Oneida, State of New York being of sound mind and memory and considering the uncertainty of this life do thirby make and ordain declar this be my last will and testament that is to say After all my lawful debts aforesaid and discharged the residue of my estate real and personal I give and bequeath and dispose of as follows to _rt:

To my wife I give all my estate real and personal excepting this place I now live on that I give to my daughter Ellen wife of Hugh Jones City of Utica after the death of my wife. 

Likewise I make and constitute and appoint Catherine Jones my wife and James Jones to be executors of this my last will and testament hereby revoking all former wills by me made.

In witness whereof I have hereunto subscribed my name and affix my seal this sixth day of February in the year 1871.

Robert Jones, X his mark 

Witnesses James Jones & Thomas M. Thomas & Hugh W. Jones all of Floyd, Oneida, New York. [Future research – who are they? Thomas M. Thomas in 1875 states he is of Camronden and has been acquainted with Robert for 8 years]

probate robert jones

will Robert

In 1880, Catherine was living with her daughter Elizabeth’s family in Floyd.

1880 census

Catherine died 11 May 1884 in Floyd at the home of her daughter Elizabeth, and is buried at Wright Settlement Cemetery, Rome, New York

Catherine obit

The death notice states that “Mr. and Mrs. Roberts” were born on the same day, but I believe it is a typo and the writer meant “Mr. and Mrs. Jones”, unfortunately it doesn’t give us their birth dates, but likely it was between August 12 and Sept 19 in 1796 – since Robert died 1875 August 11 before his 79th birthday and Catherine was baptized 1796 September 20 – although…. Catherine’s tombstone reads that she was 87 and 6 months, which puts her birth in 1796 November, also the month Robert was baptized….which means we could have the wrong baptism and parents for Catherine…..but in speaking to Welsh researchers it is likely rounding and she was 87 and 8 months at death.

catherine owen grave

Her tombstone reads: “GWRAIG ROBERT JONES FU FARW MAI 11 1884 YN 87 ML A 6 MIS OED”  Which translates to:”WIFE, ROBERT JONES, DIED MAY 11 1884 AT AGE OF 87 AND 6 MONTHS.”

The bottom reads: “Coffadwriaeth y cyfiawn sydd fendigedig”, in English “The memory of the just is blessed.” [Proverbs 10:7]

Her will written in 1875 reads:

I Catherine Jones late wife of Robert Jones of the town of Floyd, County of Oneida, State of New York being of sound mind and memory and considering the uncertainty of this life do thirby make and ordain declar [declare] this be my last will and testament that is to say After all my lawful debts aforesaid and discharged the residue of my estate real and personal I give and bequeath and dispose of as follows to _rt: 

To my daughter Ann of the City of Rome I give one hundred dollars ($100) and a feather bed. 

Also to my daughter Margaret, wife of Owen Jones, of Floyd I give one hundred dollars ($100) which they owe me and the Cubord [cupboard]. 

Also to my daughter Elizabeth, wife of Elias J. Roberts of the town of Floyd, I give four hundred dollars ($400) & the Desk. 

Also to Robert Jones, son of my late son William I give fifty dollars ($50).

Also to William Jones, son of my late son William I give fifty dollars ($50) and Peter Williams bible. [future research – who is Peter Williams?]

Also to my daughter Ellen, wife of Hugh Jones City of Utica, give one hundred dollars ($100).

I authorize the executor of this will to withhold from the above money in equal proportions from each sufficient to place a Tomb Stone by a grave if it will be necessary. Likewise I make and constitute and appoint William Jones to be Executor of this my last will and testament hereby revoking all former wills by me made.

In witness whereof I have hereunto subscribed my name and affix my seal this twenty six day of November in the year of one thousand eight hundred and seventy five.

Catherine Jones, X her mark 

Hugh W. Jones, witness, Floyd, Oneida County, New York. [future research – who is Hugh W. Jones? He was deceased when Catherine’s estate went to probate, his brother Owen E. Jones testified that he recognized the handwriting]

William Jones, Floyd, Oneida County, New York [future research – who is William Jones?, he states that he has known Catherine for 30 years]

will Catherine

Jones after (1)

The Children

Ann (1825-1896): Ann (my direct Ancestor) married George Perry and had four children – Cordelia “Delia”, Katherine “Kittie”, William C. and George – after George’s death, she married James Evans.  She lived in Oriskany, Floyd, Rome and Frankfort, New York.

Ann Jones

William (1827): William married and had at least two children.  He was not living with the family in 1850. He is mentioned as “deceased” in his mother’s will written in 1875 and his children William and Robert Jones of Marcy, New York are listed as heirs at the time of his father’s death in 1875.

probate robert jones

John (1829 – 1902): John moved to California seeking gold, he settled in Placer County where he married Bertha Bion and had at least six children – Florence, John C., George Washington, Bertha E., William C., and Margaret Viola.

John Jones

Elizabeth (1832-1920): Elizabeth married Elias J. Roberts, had at least five children, Jane “Jennie”, John M., Rosa, Katherine “Katie” and Robert (who became a Reverend). They resided in Westernville, Floyd and Rome, New York.

Elizabeth death 2

Elizabeth obit

Owen Robert (1834-1906): Owen first married Ann Jones and had five children, according to his obituary – the four I have identified include Thomas Lincoln, Elizabeth Jane “Lizzie”, William O. and David.  Ann reportedly died in 1868.   He  married second, Mary Jane Davis, reportedly in 1870, and had at least ten children, according to his obituary.  I have identified eight – Katie, Phoeine, Annie, Albert “Bert”, Daisy Ellen, Franklin O., Alice Maud and Arthur Floyd.  He moved to California in the 1870’s and settled in Clipper Gap. Another child,  Johnnie, age one in 1870,  died, age seven, 10 Mar 1876 in Clipper Gap [I am uncertain if he was Ann or Mary’s child, since his birth year of 1869 is after Ann’s reported death but before his reported 1870 marriage to Mary].

Owen Jones death

Owen obits from Sam

Margaret (1837 – about 1882): Margaret married Owen Jones and had at least five children, Jane, Katie, Ellen, Mary and Delma. They remained in Floyd, New York.

owen jones husb marg

Ellin/Ellen (1839 – 1903): Ellen married Hugh R. Jones and had seven children, Jane Ann, John F., William O., Samuel Hugh, George P., Katherine and Margaret. They resided in Utica, New York.

Ellen Jones obit

Jane/Jenny (abt 1844): Jane/Jenny died before 1875, likely without children as neither she nor her heirs are listed in her parent’s wills or probate notice. Interestingly Ellen’s obituary claims that she was the youngest of eight children and Owen’s obituary claims he was one of seven children. In 1850, Jane was age 6; she is not found with her parents in the 1860 census – I wonder if that is an indication that she died as a young child.

probate robert jones

(1) Historical Information – The Welsh in Oneida County, New York, Paul Demund Evans –

(2) Census data –

(3) Pre-1837 Calvinistic Methodist Births/Baptisms in Anglesey transcribed by Joyce and Douglas W. Hinde.

(4) Baptisms, Llanfaelog Parish Registers –

(5) Newspaper clippings –

(6) Gravestone photos – courtesy of a living cousin who visited Rome.

(7) Misc. information written by Rev. Robert W. Roberts – courtesy of a living cousin.

(8) Excepts of Anglesey letters held by Dale Burnell;

(9) 1858 Land Ownership May – visit to Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah, 2014

(10) New York 1849 map – The David Rumsey Maps Collection offers 47,000 free downloadable hi-resolution maps and images, with a free login (you can view and download maps at a lower resolution  without a login); (

(11) Modern Maps –

(12) Catherine’s birth/parents

Catherine owen birth

(13) Pendref and 1841 tithe information


(14) Probate of William Parri/Parry of Ty Bach, grandfather of Catherine Owen, mentioning her father Owen Williams – The will is several pages, page 1 pictured below:

Will page 1

will abstract

(15) Map and photos of Pendref and Ty Bach – A book entitled “Rhosneigr, Then and Now: A Pictorial History of the Village”  beautifully depicts the area and shows the location of Ty Bach and Pendref (click on the image to see a larger version). This book is now out of print, although you may find used copies on Amazon/Ebay/Abebooks. You may also view and search an online scanned copy: [scroll to the bottom].

Page 14 describes the photos: “Visible on both pictures are the houses Cefn Dref (left) and Pen y dref (center)”.  Likely not the same home but might depict the view and approximate location.

Both homes are also listed on  the Anglesey old series Cassini map 114 (1839-1841) which was created from this Ordnance Survey available from

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